In spite of this, China by not being able to withstand western influence incorporated imperialism and obtained a modern military and technology from the favored nations. Albeit, the western powers forced imperialism to East Asia differently than the rest of the world. Modern East Asia still emerged with parts of its ancient culture still intact. The unequal treaties, extraterritoriality, and other forms of discriminatory decrees created the Westernization of China, Japan, and Korea and gave these nations hope for the future that Western dominance would soon pass. Works Cited Ebrey, Patricia , Anne Walthall, and James Palais.
Consequently, officers suggested an idea of “Chinese learning for substance, Western learning for practical application.” to strengthen the country. In addition, Japan was one of the countries which China tried to learn from them in those years. In the following paragraphs, I am going to examine how the Japan influenced the political development of China from the 1900s to the 1930s in different perspectives. Firstly, I would like to discuss the influence of Japan through the Hundred Days’ Reform . Since the crushing defeat in the First Sino Japanese War, it showed that limited and superficial self-strengthening reforms were not enough to overcome the obstacles that China was facing.
Lloyd, Sharon A. Hobbes Moral . 14 March 2014. http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/hobbes-moral/. Plato. Republic, trans. 1992. http://www.iep.utm.edu/justwest/.
History and the notion of compensation are two key aspects in the study of Sino-Japanese relations. During the 1980s, the opening up by the People’s Republic of China’s government about war atrocities led a number of victims to seek reparations and apologies from Japan. Compensation cases were brought forward from the 1990s and broke the silence about what had ‘truly’ happened during the war. Moreover, the rapid spread of new information about the past prompted increased tensions between the two countries that had previously ignored the issue in order to privilege economic and diplomatic cooperation. To date, the affiliation between China and Japan seems to have deteriorated significantly and history is one of the main matters addressed in discussions of current affairs.
Sinnott-Armstrong, W. 2003. Consequentialism. [online] Available at: http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/consequentialism/ [Accessed: 14 Mar 2014].
Hursthouse, R. (1999). Virtue Ethics. Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy. Retrieved 8th July, 2010, from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/ethics-virtue/ Leopold, D. (2006). Max Stirner.
Japan allowed economic competition between different groups because of its flexible political institutions. China and Japan, despite their similarities, responded very differently to western influences in the 19th century. China was held back by its institutions and refused to break isolationism, while Japan gave in to their demands and successfully modernized. Japan’s political system, dynamic elite, and acceptance to borrow culture led to efficient industrialization and modernization. Japan’s success was also due to the greater knowledge of the West and the understanding of the consequences the nation would serve if they didn’t accept the pressure from the West.
However, this caused economic problems in China ... ... middle of paper ... ...lity and nationalism in Japan after WWII (Craig, 141). Overall, Japan responded to the West by embracing their help and in turn it allowed them to become one of the colonizers. China on the other hand were hesitant in letting the West in, therefore their economy declined and their country as a whole was not as strong as Japan. Works Cited Cheng, Pei-kai, Michael E. Lestz, and Jonathan D. Spence. The Search for Modern China: A Documentary Collection.
In the early 1800’s, Japan had blocked off all trade from other countries. Foreign whaling ships could not even reload or repair their ships in Japan territory. This offended many other countries. In 1852, Matthew Perry was sent to Japan to negotiate open trade. Japan felt threatened by the United States, and gave in to their demands.
Retrieved 04 29, 2014, from The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/enlightenment/ Bulliet, R., Crossley, P. K., Headrick, D., Hirsch, S., Johnson, L., & Northup, D. (2011). The Earth and Its Peoples: A Global History Volume II: Since 1500: Fifth Edition. Boston: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning.