The Illiad, Attributed to Homer

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The Iliad poem takes place in north western Turkey around the once mythical city of Troy. Troy was unearthed by a german archaeologist known by Heinrich Schliemann in 1865. Now with the actual city being found it started to bring the story into the realm of truth, but mystery behind the writer of the poem still lingered. The Iliad is believed by scholars to have an unknown author, but the poem’s authorship was ultimately given to a blind poet by the name of Homer. Homer as an individual is a mystery due to the lack of history following his life. Scholars refer to his life not by the individual, but by when the poems were written. The mystery behind this story is starting to come into actuality. I think with time we will discover more fascinating truths behind the city of Troy. The Iliad begins with a priest, Chryses praying to the god Apollo for his daughters to be returned to him. Apollo answering the prayers of his priest rains vengeance upon the Greek encampment. After nine days of plague, a council is called to discuss ways to end the plague. The council agrees that they must return the girl Chryses asked for when he brought wealth to Agamemnon as trade for his daughter Chryseis. Chryseis is returned by Odysseus to her father, but in exchange Agamemnon takes the other daughter whom Achilles claimed. Achilles is outraged by this vowing that him and his myrmidons will no longer fight in his army. During this time Achilles prays to his mother asking her to speak with Zeus, asking if Zeus to give favor to the Trojan army. Zeus agrees to help Achilles by sending a dream to Agamemnon, in this dream Zeus urges Agamemnon to siege the city. Agamemnon wishing to fulfill his dream seeks the morale of his army by telling them they are g... ... middle of paper ... ...tle ensues with Achilles laying waste to the Trojan army while the gods fight alongside mortal men. Hector feeling the need to face Achilles after the fall of Patroclus faces Achilles outside the walls of Troy. After a short chase due to Hector becoming fearful of losing his life, is stopped by Athena. A short duel ends with Achilles killing Hector, as Hector is dying he tells Achilles, that he too will find death soon. The body of Hector is taken by Achilles. The body of Hector lays within the tent of Achilles, Achilles has no intent on returning the body. Priam the father of Hector with the aid of Zeus and Hermes is taken to the tent. Priam begs Achilles for the body of his son, moved by this Achilles agrees and the two bemoan their loses do to the war. Works Cited Homer, Alexander Pope, and John Flaxman. The Iliad of Homer. New York: Heritage, 1943. Print.

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