Socrates implies at the beginning of his speech that his fate is doomed because the people who judge him believe in the persuasive falsehoods and won’t be willing to listen to the truth. The death of Socrates also reveals the internal fallacy in Athenian democracy. The consequence of a recalcitrant philosophy stands against the whole city is written, because the gulf between the belief of the society and the philosophy is impassible. Socrates’s way of living seems to be unreasonable for most people, and as the same time is not suitable for the proper operation of society which doesn’t want civilians to question the essence of life. However, Socrates shifts the focus of philosophy from the heaven to the earth.
Socrates also taught Pheidippides that Greek Gods should not be credited (Aristophanes 247). These examples provide the foundation for Meletus’ new accusation that Socrates does injustice by corrupting the youth. During this time, the youth respected the elderly and worshipped the Greek Gods and Goddesses. Pheidippides’ physical condemnation of his father suggests that he neither respects nor honors his father, which goes against societal virtues and norms. From Meletus’ point of view, Socrates “corrupted the young” by teaching dishonor to one’s elders and disbelief of the Gods.
Ulysses Alighieri In Dante’s “Inferno”, among many other sins, in Canto XXVI the “counselors of fraud” are being punished. These people are being constantly consumed by flames, and more importantly, as Dante points out, are forced to speak through the “tongues” or fire, which pains them greatly. This follows Dante’s idea of punishment that is the same as the sin -- just as they spoke falsely at ease, they should have great difficulty speaking now. The most prominent man in this bowge is a legendary figure -- Ulysses. The description of his sin, which Dante creates for Ulysses, is an account that conflicts with some of the previous works about him, like Homer’s, so we are forced to assume that Dante’s Ulysses is completely, save for his name, the author’s creation.
In doing do I will look at how each poet is effective in conveying the message through their use of imagery. Wilfred Owen most eminent poem regarding war is known as Dulce et Decorum est which means The Old Lie in Latin. T... ... middle of paper ... ...eam for fighting for their country is in reality a living nightmare both physically and psychologically and in fact there is nothing honourable in war and life on the battlefield. Instead he wants the reader to understand that war rapes a soldier of human dignity. He does this effectively through the use of his bold description of the gas attack incident and his elaborate description of the soldiers appearances.
His name will become a byword forever. He will leave an unending legacy not of glory and fame but of infamy and shame. Through Oedipus the King Sophocles presents the paradox of a man whose good side causes harm and whose bad side works good. The character of Oedipus itself is one vicious irony, for his virtues devolve into virulent vices that wreak his complete destruction. Though the story he tells is a heartbreaking and predictable tragedy, Sophocles masterfully employs the tools of his craft to fashion a drama that has captured the fascination of untold generations.
War is said to bring out both the best and the worst in those involved: bravery, heroism, and sacrifice intermingle with cowardice, savagery, and greed. In Homer’s Iliad, the audience gets more than a taste of both, yet the poet puts the focus on the good in the warriors by using the gods as scapegoats for the folly of man. From the audience’s perspective, the removal of human blame takes the emphasis off of the questionable motivation and execution of this decade-long conflict, and places it on the struggles and sacrifices of the soldiers themselves, as it should be.
Throughout his comedy, The Clouds, Aristophanes ridicules aspects of Greek society when he destroys tradition by denouncing the importance of the gods' influence on the actions of mortals, and he unknowingly parallels Greek society with today's. Disguised by laughter, he digs deep into the truth by which citizens of Greek and future cultures will abide. Aristophanes challenges humans' strength in belief systems, fortitude of character, and ability to deal with the complexity of parenting. He also defiantly misrepresents an icon like Socrates as comical, atheistic, and consumed by ideas of self interest, which is contradictory to the Socrates seen in Plato's Apology or Phaedo. However different from each other, each writing contained a role for Socrates, which symbolized the messages trying to be conveyed in each.
41). The fact that Socrates mentions the gods and believes he was performing good acts in the gods' name shows the false accusations in the charges of impiety. His guilty charge was made on false evidence, but because Socrates refused to stand up for himself and deny his beliefs of his philosophical lifestyle he was found guilty. The second issue Socrates was found guilt was because he behaved arrogantly defended his innonoces, and philosophical views the entire trial. He truly believed he was meant to live a philosophical li... ... middle of paper ... ...t of Socrates charges were due to Meletus accusing Socrates of his various crimes.
Socrates does not respect Euthyphro, he proves this by continuing to defend himself with the truth, calling his accusers “all those who persuaded you by means of envy and slander,” therefore he would not respect Dionysus either (Plato, Apology, 18d). This parallel between Euthyphro and Dionysus is also shown through their inability to recognize their own ignorance. Euthyphro claims he “would be in no way different from other men, if [he] did not have exact knowledge about all such things” in reference to divine law and holiness (Plato, Euthyphro, 4e). Dionysus, through his actions, is claiming to know all and does not acknowledge any ignorance he may have. As a god, he inclines he is entitled to his actions.
Plato Banning Poetry Plato in The Republic creates a debate by denouncing poetry. Plato has this vision of an ideal city that is genuinely just, Plato banishes poets from the city because they are imitative and under no circumstances do they portray justice. Consequently, poetry was not to be admitted into his ideal city. However if one could argue this debate with superb reasons as to why they should be de-banned from the city, Plato would be willing to allow them back. Plato has three reasons as to why he deems poets as dangerous and unqualified for his city.