The Ideas And Methods Of Education

798 Words4 Pages
Pestalozzi, Froebel, and Rousseau made major contributions to education through their ideas and methods. Many of these thought and philosophies are important to me in my current views of students and education, influencing the kind of teacher I aspire to be and the methods I plan to put in place. Rousseau lived during the 18th century Age of Reason and the French Enlightenment and provided many educational philosophies that can still be applied to teaching today. He questioned the authority of established church and the absolute monarchy, leading him to reject schools as well because of the practice of schools socializing children. He viewed schools as institutions he wanted people to gain freedom from. One of his main thoughts was that people are “noble savages,” meaning they are innocent, free, and uncorrupted by socioeconomic artificialities. He fought for an education that created a learning environment that allows child’s innate, natural goodness to grow and flourish. The curriculum of such an education would consist of nature, the environment, a reliance on sensation, and experiencing with nature. The teacher’s role would be to assist nature rather than imposing the conventions of society on the child. Rousseau believed individual instruction was most beneficial to children, as demonstrated in his book Emile, which depicts the form of education he believed in. Although I do not reject the public school system and actually will strive to protect it, and though I do not believe individual instruction is a practical means of education, there are many lessons I can draw from Rousseau 's philosophies that I plan to incorporate into my own teaching. His idea of letting kids grow according to their natural instincts, interests, a... ... middle of paper ... ...chools designed to liberate a child’s innate creativity. While Froebel 's ideas are very idealistic in nature, there are many philosophies that will influence who I am as a teacher. He believed that the personality of the teacher is very important in teaching and that teachers need to know who they are. I appreciate the ideas of liberating creativity and spirituality, and plan to incorporate the arts into my classroom in order to do so. Froebel’s ideas have had a profound impact on elementary education. Our education system has gained a lot from these men and I personally have been impacted by their ideas and philosophies. Their thoughts can have great reforming power when implemented into the classrooms and I believe teachers will be better for studying their methods and choosing concepts they can apply to their students and their personal philosophy of teaching.
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