Causes such as poverty, Soviet power, and change of Hungarian life ultimately led to the primary uprising known as the Hungarian Revolution of 1956. This event not only portrayed the initial precursor of instability, but also rebellion inside the Soviet Iron Curtain. The Hungarian Revolution of 1956 included effects such as a massive decrease in the global Communist party, an increase of the policy Containment in the Western Hemisphere, and polarization of the Cold War. In the Hungarian Revolution of 1956, The U.S.S.R. principle of peaceful negotiation greatly faltered due to the Soviet practice of intervention and immense destruction of the Hungarian people. Hungary is in Central Europe, Northwest of Romania.
Using the Soviet Thaw as an opportunity to reform the system of government, many countries including Hungary and Czechoslovakia had uprisings against Soviet Rule. The Hungarian Revolution and the Prague Spring were uprisings against the Soviet Union that both ended in defeat with Soviet Union. However, the outcomes for both countries differed in many ways because of the differences in the motives for the uprising, the loss of life and the differences in the leadership of the uprisings. One difference between the Hungarians and the Czechs was the effects of nationalism on the uprisings. Rooted in their history from 1848 Revolution against the Habsburg Empire, the Hungarians sought independence with the death of Stalin.
He purged the communist party of Hungary of “Titotists” and forced indoctrination of Stalinism in the educational intuitions throughout Hungary. Hungary was one of the most repressed country sin East Central Europe until 1953 with the death of Josef Stalin. When Josef Stalin died and leadership of the Soviet Union changed to Nika Khrushchev, the period of the soviet thaw had a profound effect on the countries of East Central Europe. Nagy was made Prime Min... ... middle of paper ... ... turn an ask for allies for assistance and to give the impression that the entire Warsaw Pact would not tolerate the reforms by Dubcek. The Czech’s did not have the military power to stand up against the countries of the Warsaw Pact and surrendered the entire reforms of the Dubcek Era.
The Warsaw Pact Invasion of Czechoslovakia The world political conversation today is the state of affairs in the Ukraine with protester in recent months protesting for a more pro-western European influence of government. Since the Ukraine has been in an economic crisis in the last few years, the current President Viktor F. Yanukovich decided to take an aid package from the Russian’s. This acceptance of the Russian aid package infuriated many in the Ukraine and has stifled the government with impeachments and newly elected officials that the Russian government does not support. Now with Russians soldier on the outskirts of the Ukraine’s boarder undertaking practice exercises and ready to enter on a moment’s notice. The Russian’s are determined to influence there near- abroad to resemble; that was once part of the Soviet Union.
After Stalin passed away, Eastern European countries made strong efforts to break the tyrannical power of the Soviet Union. In July of 1953, Imre Nagy was chosen to be the Chairman of the Council of Ministers. Shortly after in April, 1955 he was expelled from the Communist Party for having liberal policies. In February of 1956, the newly chosen Russian leader Khruschev began the process of renewing Communist principles. Unfortunately, this radical style of ruling ended in over 300,000 Hungarians being exiled, imprisoned or killed.
The citizens of Czechoslovakia had not known freedom in decades. During much of World War II the nation was occupied by the Nazis and later by the Red Army as it drove the Nazis back to Berlin. When they Red Army moved into an area, communist regimes were set up to govern the area, and establish satellite nations. There were numerous uprisings throughout the decade that were violently suppressed by the communist governments with help from the USSR. After Alexander Dubcek tried to grant reforms to the people of Czechoslovakia in 1968, the USSR and most members of the Warsaw Pact sent their military forces to intervene and suppress any unrest or reforms.
The American anti-communist crusade, which followed the end of World War II, reignited a culture of suspicion and fear of communist ideology throughout US society. It began as a consequence of tensions that arose following the expansion of the Soviet state in the post-war world. It drew to an end in December 1954 as the head of the crusade, Senator Joseph McCarthy, was increasingly portrayed as a hysterical bully and therefore lost credibility. The US and USSR were diametrically opposed in relation to the political structure and underpinning values of each society. For America, the Soviet State threatened everything it represented; freedom of speech, religious freedoms and a democratically elected government.
Nicholas II used Stolypin to deal with riots. He hanged hundreds of Russians, the noose becoming known as Stolypin’s necktie and strikes decreased from 13,995 (1905) to 892 (1908.) But the Tsar had least central control. After the 1905 Revolution the Russian people were granted civil rights, an... ... middle of paper ... ...ressed the Tsars lost support from the nobles and power, after 1905 revolution Nicholas II had very little central control. But Stalin’s dictatorship increased in strength and by 1938, the purges had made Russian’s so fearful, they were willing to accept the totalitarian ruler instead of the democratic system which had originally been hoped for in the February 1917 revolution.
During World War I, the Russians revolted against their government and created a communist society. In the novel, 1984, Winston and Julia sought after a revolution, but revolution seemed unthinkable because of the power of Big Brother. In A Tale of Two Cities, the oppressed citizens revolted against the government and aristocracy. In the case of World War II, the Jews became incapable of revolution because they got cut down to focus on survival only. Oppression is at the root of all of the problems people faced in those events and books.
After the seventieth party congress many prominent party leaders and workers fell victim to Stalin’s despotism. During the secret speech, Khrushchev spoke of how Stalin was a distrustful man that abused his power and did not reckon with neither norms of the party nor Soviet legality. Ultimately, Khrushchev denounced the dictatorship of Joseph Stalin and began leading the country in a different direction than Stalin. Stalin was also accused of killing Sergey Kirov The importance of this reading, is that is shows the new direction of the Soviet Union, under their new leader Nikita Khrushchev. If Stalin were alive, Khrushchev would not have been able to say such radical things, so we see a new approach to Soviet politics, which ultimately will have an effect on future European topics in the course.