The Human Genome Project: The Contributions Of The Human Genome Project

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The human genome project The human genome is a molecular arrangement of the chromosomes in the reproductive cells of the human body. For years’ doctors have been trying to figure out this blueprint for all physical and behavioural traits than an individual can pass to their offspring. Essentially the human genome is the code for building a human being. This ‘mapping’ of human anatomy has developed substantially over the years with the aid of new technology. To fully understand the Human Genome Project, we have to travel back in time to 1857, to a man called Gergor Johan Mendel. Over a period of time as Mendel was gardening he began to notice something about the pea plants he grew in his garden, these pea plants passed on certain traits to…show more content…
Recombination means crossing over. It Can occur when two genes on a chromosome, the amount of crossing over is a function of how close the gene are to each other on the chromosome. The further the two genes are apart cross over and non crossover events occur equally. The closer the less cross over events occur. Recombinant DNA is a technology that involves joining the DNA from two different species and successively inserting the “crossbreed DNA into a host cell. The steps of recombinant DNA include cutting and joining the DNA, monitoring the cutting and joining, amplifying the DNA sequence using a polymerase chain reaction and finally transforming the host, with the recombinant DNA to allow genes to be carried into nuclear DNA in multicellular organisms. To determine the human genome scientist first mapped and characterized chromosomes, known as physical mapping. Sequencing followed to determine the order of DNA based on a chromosome. This is known as genetic mapping. Researchers use genetic linkage for genetic mapping. There are two different types of maps; - maps that measure the distance between two genes in regards to…show more content…
Over all the Human genome Project is considered to be a major success in the science world, delivering a 99.9% completed rough draft of the human genome sequence in 2000 and later being completed ahead of schedule and under budget in 2003. The medical and science visionaries who poured hours and months into this project could clearly see how genomics would ultimately advance medicine. There are medical advances in the diagnosis and treatment if cancer, (cancer is basically a genetic disease). Genetic findings are guiding treatments for 4000 common diseases like the blood thinner clopidogrel, which is prescribed to prevent platelets from binding inappropriately, thus causing strokes. There have been multiple discoveries of rare genetic

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