The Human Genome Project

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Thomas Michael Dexter stated “Mapping the human genome has been compared with putting a man on the moon, but I believe it is more than that. This is the outstanding achievement not only of our lifetime, but in terms of human history. A few months ago I compared the project to the invention of the wheel. On reflection, it is more than that. I can well imagine technology making the wheel obsolete. But this code is the essence of mankind, and as long as humans exists, this code is going to be important and will be used.” The Human Genome Project was important because it allowed people to understand the differences and variety in people, helped make breakthroughs in medicine, helped people understand hundreds of different types of genetic disorders, and it helped understand the origins of humanity. The human genome has been referenced as the periodic table for biologists because it contains the information to so much of biology (Davies 2001, p. 13). Since the beginning of the Human Genome Project, modern day medicine and human understanding has grown exponentially; the Project is an investment for the future of humanity. The first step in sequencing the human genome had to begin with understand the purpose of DNA. Research of the human genome started with James Watson and Francis Crick when they made the discovery of the double helix structure of DNA. No body understood the science behind heredity until this pair discovered the phosphate strands linked together with sides groups labeled A, C, G, and T. A is adenine, C is cytosine, G is guanine and T is thymine. Adenine always bonded with thymine, and guanine also bonded with cytosine, which was important for DNA replication, or for DNA to copy itself, to make new cells (McElheny, 2... ... middle of paper ... ... In C. Long (Ed.), Genetic testing and the use of informationWashington D.C: AEI Press. McElheny, V, (2010), Drawing the map of life, New York, NY: Basic Books. Powell, D, (2009, November 5), Cheaper human genome sequencing, Retrieved from http://www,insidescience,org/content/cheaper-human-genome-sequencing/1329 Rubin, R. (2013, April 12). The pros and cons of genetic testing. Retrieved from http://www.nextavenue.org/article/2013-04/pros-and-cons-genetic-testing Shurkin, J. (2012, August 27). Prenatal whole-gene sequencing raises ethical questions. Retrieved from http://www.insidescience.org/content/prenatal-whole-gene-sequencing-raises-ethical- questions/774 Yudell, M,, DeSalle, R,, & American Museum of Natural, H, (2002), The Genomic Revolution : Unveiling the Unity of Life, Washington, DC: Joseph Henry Press, with the American Museum of Natural History.

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