Rakta - Blood. Mamsa - Muscle. Asthi - Bone Majja - Bone Marrow Meda – Fat, Brain and Spinal Cord Sukra - Sperm and Ovum These seven tissues are vital to the growth and development of the body. Each dhatu individually as well as collectively play the part in constructing the body.In Sanskrit the word dhatu means ‘to bind together’, and this is exactly what the dhatus do, they bind different parts and functions of the body to form a cohesive whole. After the food has been consumed and digested, the digestive system releases nourishment in form of life sap or fluid, known as ‘Rasa’.
(Baumie) The bone matrix plays the role as a supply for minerals that are important to the body functions. The two main minerals are calcium and phosphorus. To keep the stability that is needed to support physiological processes the minerals can be released back into the bloodstream. (Baumie) For example, calcium ions are necessary for muscle contractions and flow of other ions that take place in the transferral of nerve impulses. (Baumie) The next function that is important for homeostasis is hematopoiesis.
They also are found to have varying degrees of vascularity. For example, a bone would be very vascular while cartilage is avascular. Two good property the cells of connective tissue have is that they can divide and repair themselves. The functions of these tissues are: to bind structures, support, protect, serve as framework, store fat, produce blood cells and repair damage. Cell Types There are three major cell types of connective tissue: Fibroblasts, Macrophages, and Masts.
For this reason, the muscle contractions are part of every person’s movement of a certain body part. Because of this, the muscle contractions are formed fibers packed within each other to form a rod like myofibrils that contain two types of protein filaments. Also, both of these protein filaments (myosin and actin) help contract the muscle fibers. In consideration of this, when the muscle receives nerve impulses, the protein filaments contract thus making the muscle contract within the body. Furthmore, muscle mechanics play a part in this system.
John Centore2 Dr. Jain Anatomy & Physiology The many nuclei of skeletal muscle fiber are located underneath the sarcolemma, which is the fiber’s plasma membrane. Thousands of invaginations of the sarcolemma, which are called T Tubules, Tunnel from the surface to the center of the muscle fiber. These T Tubules are open to the outside of the fiber and are filled with extra-cellular fluid. Muscle action potentials propagate along the sarcolemma and through the T tubules and quickly spread through the muscle fiber. This process ensures that all parts of the muscle fiber become excited by an action potential virtually simultaneously.
It provides protection for such vital organs as the brain, heart and lungs, the marrow of bone produces new blood cells, and it aids the body in balancing acid and electrolytes. Bone is a connective tissue with a hardened matrix that is developed from calcium phosphate deposits. Calcification is the process that creates the hard tissue of bones. They come in various shapes and sizes, from flat bones
The adaptive as well as the innate responses initiation are hugely associated with each other. The innate response consists of many components; these include mechanical, chemical, humoral as well as cellular barriers. The main line of defence in the innate system is the cellular component; there are different types of cells involved, however, the most critical cell of all other different immune cells is called a macrophage. Macrophages are a phagocytic cells originated from monocytes, a form of blood leukocytes. Monocytes are made by bone marrow in the myeloid lineage through committed haematopoietic stem cells in a process called haematopoiesis.
The connective tissue is the most abundant and widely distributed in complex animals. It is made up of a matrix consisting of living cells and non-living substance called ground substance. The ground substance is made of an organic substance (protein) and an inorganic substance (usually a mineral or water). It separates the cells and varies in consistency from solids to semifluid to fluid. The principal cell of connective tissue is the fibroblast which makes the fibers found in nearly all connective tissues.
• Protein is vital in the maintenance of body tissue, including development and repair. • Protein is the major source of energy. • Protein is involved in the creation of some hormones; help control body functions that involve the interaction of several organs and
In this paper I will clarify the relation between the integumentary system and the skeletal system. During this paper I will address how the two systems work together to maintain homeostasis and what occurs when balance is not maintained between the integumentary and skeletal system. During this paper I will explain how osteoporosis is directly linked between both the integumentary and skeletal system and ways to prevent or yield this disease. To begin we will look at the integumentary system and its entire multitude of functions. The main components of the integumentary system are the skin, hair, nails, glands and nerves.