The first guitar was named the four-coarse. It was named the four-course guitar because it had four strings. It also had a strange tuning, rather than the usual D-G-B-E tuning of today it was tuned to C-F-A-D which is a eight lower, which gives the guitar a deeper, and richer sound. Later, in the sixteenth century the five-course guitar was invented. It was the same as the four-course except for the extra low E string.
History and Influences of the Guitar My paper will be discussing the history, culture, and influences of guitar throughout the ages. This will be going back to the time of the lute and rebec as they were all early forms of string instruments related to the guitar family. This is going through the beginning of the instrument’s time, throughout the different time periods, elaborating on its significance in music. The guitar is a well-known instrument and staple in the music industry in all genres of music. Through the twang of country and ripping solos in rock, the guitar is usually the glue of any major piece of music.
The people of Malaga are said to have invented the first instrument recognized as the guitar (Kentor Michael 2). This early version of the guitar incorporated tied frets and gut strings that were arranged in pairs. Pairing the strings gave the instrument the ability to produce a louder, fuller sound. The Malaga’s instrument did not gain much popularity although it did appear in Juan Gil of Zamora’s publication of “Ars Musica.” The next step leading to the modern guitar was the Guitarra Moresca. The Guitarra Moresca was a four stringed instrument with tied frets, similar to the lute, that orginated from Spain in the Thirteenth Century.
The evolution finally progressed so far that the modern day guitar that we know came around. The first one was created from 1800-1850. It is called the Spanish Court Guitar. This was the first six-string guitar. The body was made of rosewood, the neck ... ... middle of paper ... ...e the same as guitars and are also amplified (Wade-Matthews).
It became a widely copied standard in the industry. The Fender Bass Guitar was a new instrument that was easily transportable to a gig. It can be amplified to about any volume without having to worry about feedback. Elvis Presley started using the Fender Precision Bass around 1957. Following Fender in 1953, Gibson introduced the first short scale violin-shaped electric bass with an extendable end pin, which allows the instrument to be played upright or horizontally.
Many of the guitarists that became popular in the 80s are considered some of the most technically proficient players ever. Guitar shredding has been used in a variety of musical styles. Neo classical, jazz fusion, progressive rock, heavy metal have adapted shredding to fit their genre. Revered guitarists of the 80s Kirk Hammett, Dave Mustaine, Marty Friedman, Randy Rhoads, Steve Vai, Yngwie Malmsteen, and Dimebag Darrell all mastered the art of shredding. In 2003 Guitar One Magazine named Michael Angelo Batio, Chris Impellitteri, and Yngwie Malmsteen as the fastest guitar shredders ever.
The modern guitar can be easily acknowledged as one of the most influential and renown instruments in the world. The guitar recognized today has been around for hundreds of years and it is still leaving a legacy in the musical world. Some early iterations of the guitar dating back as far as 1400 BC have evolved into what is known as the modern guitar through design innovation. Before the use of synthetic materials in the development of guitars, a guitar was defined as being an instrument having “a long, fretted neck, flat wooden soundboard, ribs, and flat back, most often with curved sides” (citation). The oldest known guitar-like instrument that displayed these features was the string instrument a Hittite bard was holding in a stone carving, showing how much guitar-like instruments had already gained popularity within societies of the past.
Heavy Metal Heavy metal from the 1960’s to the 1980’s was a different and hard time for heavy metal bands. Heavy Metal is a genre of rock n’ roll that was created in the late sixties and late seventies. With influences from blues-rock and psychedelic rock mostly blues. With there twelve bar blues and extended guitar solos help create many guitar styles. Heavy Metal is recognized by its loud distorted guitars, emphatic rhythms, dense bass and drum sound, and vigorous vocals.
Hishino bought the name rights “Ibanez Salvador” and started to make acoustic guitars in 1935. The name later went to Ibanez and stuck . During 1950-1960 Ibanez guitars came out with some wicked designs. These designs were a mimic of European guitars and were also similar to Hagstrom and EKO designs. These designs are the beginning of a guitar company that will be known forever.
Each string has a name. The bottom and thinnest string is the high e, next is b, then g, onto d, then A, and finally low E. Sound is made by strumming or plucking these strings while placing the fingers of the opposite hand on the frets and strings to produce different notes (Turnbull 825). The guitar is hard to trace back beyond the Renaissance period but it is known the guitar has roots in Spain. The first known guitar was small with four sets of strings; each set called a course. Later a fifth course was added.