In fact, and outbreak of the Ebola virus has been reported in Kampala, Uganda just recently, and is still a problem to this very day. Ebola causes severe viral hemorrhagic fevers in humans and monkeys, and has a 90 % fatality rate. Though there is no cure for the disease, researchers have found limited medical possibilities to help prevent one from catching this horrible virus. The Ebola virus can be passed from one person into another by bodily contact. Airborne transmission of Ebola has not yet been confirmed, as there is no substantial evidence of this occurring.
Poverty, he said was the root of AIDS, and in order to end this disease in South Africa, they needed to eradicate poverty. Although there is currently no cure for HIV/AIDS there is and was medication that could have been distributed in South Africa. Due to the decisions of president Mbeki many people died because they did not receive the antiviral drugs that could have prolonged their lives. Also, many HIV+ women transmitted this virus to their children during childbirth because they were not given the antiviral medication needed during their pregnancy. The rate at which an infected ... ... middle of paper ... ...ry medical treatment.
The history of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and its underlying cause, infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), is not one story, but many. Every victim of AIDS has different health problems, personal struggles, and losses. In the early 1980s, when the first AIDS cases attracted the attention of doctors and scientists, no treatment was known. Victims who wrote about their lives described growing more and more seriously ill, watching sick friends die, and waiting to die themselves. As research moved ahead and the cause of HIV/AIDS was finally understood, medicines were developed that delayed disability, prolonged life, and decreased the spread of HIV.
Duesberg, an accredited biologist, believes that there is no cause and effect relationship between HIV and AIDS. Instead, he has proposed that drugs, recreational or prescribed, are responsible for the onset of AIDS in humans. Although his claims have been largely refuted by the scientific community, Duesberg has generated a large supporter base, which includes activist Christina Maggiore and South African President Thabo Mbeki. Since Duesberg's ideas were first introduced to the public in 1987, hundreds of HIV positive patients have followed the dissenter's advice and stopped taking available medication, even when there is no clear scientific evidence supporting his theory. Despite the gravity of the situation, the approach taken by the media and the scientific community has been to ignore the issues at hand, giving little to no coverage of this critical topic.
Although there is no treatment yet, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention is currently researching the development of a vaccine. Some symptoms of this respiratory infection include fever, cough, renal failure, pneumonia and shortness of breath. Sadly, about half of the known worldwide cases of MERS have resulted in death. Research has indicated that the virus spreads through the air via respiratory droplets, which leaves health care physicians extremely susceptible. As the disease has spread, scientists and experts have become fearful that the virus could mutate and become more transmittable.
HIV/AIDS is a very new disease discovered only 30 years ago. No one knows for sure how the disease came to be, but the fact that is extremely deadly (in fact one of the leading causes of death worldwide) cannot be disputed. Since signs and symptoms of HIV are pretty much invisible at first, it is nearly impossible to know when and where HIV first started. The pandemic began in the 1970s when it spread to five continents; North America, South America, Europe, Africa and Australia. There was a, “period of silence” during this time because people were afraid to say that they had contracted this new virus and were not aware of its severity.
If medical attention is not provided for an AIDS victim, they will almost certainly die (“What Is HIV/AIDS?”). In this recent and ongoing AIDS epidemic, about 75 million people have been infected with the virus, causing 36 million deaths; but there is hope because organizations like the Samaritan’s Purse are doing their best to combat the disease. AIDS affects much of the world today; as of 2009, two million people have died from the disease (“What Is AIDS/HIV?”). There are two types of HIV which means that it is much harder to cure; however, since HIV-2 is usually only found in Africa, there is no real need to test for it in other parts of the world (“What Is AIDS/HIV”). The most affected country is Africa because Africa has the least amount of resources to combat the disease.
"They can't get jobs. They can't even afford proper food, forget about drugs." The same doctor who told me that 95% of the patients are HIV positive lamented that the only treatment she can offer is multivitamins and one antibiotic!!! How do we expect the younger generations to hope for a brighter future in this environment? I was told that many South African young people have a fatalistic, "I'm-going-to-die-anyway" attitude.
Unlike Ebola, AIDS was not detected as early as one would have hoped. The AIDS virus can stay dormant for over a decade before it is noticed as a real problem (Shenon 8). During that decade, the virus can spread like a wild fire. One person contracts the virus, transmits it to another, and another, and so on. As Shenon explains, AIDS became recognized as a real problem in the early seventies and was mostly concentrated in the United States and in Africa, but surprisingly it reached Asia a decade afterward.
The man did not show symptoms until he reached the United States. He passed away in October 8. Two more cases came up in Dallas; the two health care workers that had treated the first U.S. Ebola patient tested positive for the disease. The last recent case for Ebola in the United States was in New York City; a medical aid worker who had came back from Guinea had tested positive. According to the World Health Organization, the reason why there are many Ebola outbreaks in West Africa is because they have “very weak health systems, lacking human and infrastructural resources, having only recently emerged from long periods of conflict and instability.” A hum... ... middle of paper ... ...ary 2014)”.