The History of Spain

explanatory Essay
1404 words
1404 words

The History of Spain

Spain's history can be traced back as far as 3000BC, where Paleolithic cave paintings were found in the region of the Bay of Biscay and the western Pyrenees. These paintings exhibited a remarkable degree of animation and skill. About 1000BC the southern region became the first invasion point for the Iberians, Iberians were originally North African people who became the most prominent ethnologic element in the peninsula and gave its name. The Celts, who migrated from France, also invaded the peninsula and completely absorbed the central region and the northern mountains. Together these two groups form the Celtiberians. Around the 11th century BC the first Mediterranean seafaring people called the Phoenicians colonized in what now is Cadiz. Somewhat later traders from Rhodes and the Greek cities followed. They established colonies also along the Mediterranean coast. In the later part of the 3rd century BC the African State of Carthage, began to exploit the Peninsula. Under the Carthaginian General Hamilcar, a large part of peninsula was conquered in a campaign in from 237BC to 228 BC. That part of the peninsula is now known as Barcelona. This expansion was viewed unfavorable by the Romans and in 219 BC, after violating a Carthage-Rome agreement limiting Carthaginian territory, General Hannibal; destroyed the Greek colony of Saguntum, and started the second Punic war. Around 206 BC the Carthage was forced to evacuate the Peninsula, and nine years later Rome divided the peninsula into two provinces. The Hispanic Citerior, in the valley of the Ebro River and the Hispanic Ulterior, in the plain penetrated by the Guadalquivir River. Under the Romans, Hispania took its final form as three provinces: Lus...

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...oyal festivals and held as many as 50,000 spectators The Plaza de la Villa marks what was once old Madrid; here you can see stunning artwork and brilliant architecture. The Plaza de Oriente holds a fascinating story. The statues that surround the Plaza were actually built for the palace roof, but they were to heavy. The Plaza de las Ventas holds the largest bullfighting ring in Spain. The Plaza de Espana is one Madrid's most popular meeting place. The square obtained its' appearance during the Franco period. In Segovia you can find the Plaza Mayor, Which is located near the Alcazar. In the city of Toledo, you find the Plaza de Zocodover. It is located in the middle of town and and is known the ancient horse fairs. Sevilla is the home of the following Plaza's; Plaza de Santa Cruz, Plaza de Espana, Plaza Dona Elvira, and Plaza de Toros de la Real Maestranza.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that spain's history can be traced back as far as 3000bc, where paleolithic cave paintings were found in the region of the bay of biscay and the western pyrenees.
  • Explains how teutonic invaders crossed the pyrenees, alan, vandals, and suevi swept over the peninsula. the visigoths brought their armies in and became the dominant power.
  • Describes how muslim armies invaded the iberian peninsula under the leadership of tariq-lbn-ziyad. after 717, abd-ar-rahamn founded the powerful and independent emirate of cordoba.
  • Explains that spain was a union of crowns, not kingdoms. each region maintained its own leadership, government, traditions, and rules of succession.
  • Narrates how fernando died in 1529, and charles i replaced him. charles waged war five times against the french, making spain a dominant power in northern and southern italy.
  • Explains that spain's economic and political glory had declined drastically by the end of the 16th century, and the thirty years' war, between the hapsburg and french bourbon dynasties, weakened spain.
  • Explains that spain's decline in subsequent years led to intervention by other powers, such as the french. napoleon bonaparte forced the king of spain, charles iv, to abdicate in favor of his own brother joseph
  • Analyzes how internal conflicts led to the carlist war in 1833, sparking an era of turmoil.
  • Explains that the second republic brought about increased political participation in spain, but creating problems. the tragic war cost spain hundreds of thousands of lives.
  • Explains that spain became a monarchy in 1947, and in 1955 joined the united nations. in 1992, seville hosted the worlds fair.
  • Explains that the plazas of spain have played an important role in spain's culture. the plaza mayor, located in madrid, was built in the 17th century.
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