Thousands of people die every day from smoking-related causes, even though the American Heart Association states that smoking is currently the most preventable cause of death in the United States. Smokers even have an increased risk of developing miscellaneous autoimmune diseases. All of these harmful consequences are caused by the toxic chemicals within the smoke that is inhale... ... middle of paper ... ...ealth? American Heart Association, n.d. Web.
In fact, Wilper et al compares health insurance and mortality rate, with their argument being that the lack of health insurance is the cause of 45,000 adult deaths that take place in America every year. The same problem has been advocated by researchers such as David Cecere, of Cambridge Health Alliance. According to Cecere, lack of health insurance is the cause of most adult deaths in the US every year. Cecere also argues that the figure provided by Wilper et al is two and half times higher compared to estimates provided by the Institute of Medicine (IOM). Another research published by the American Journal of Public Health established that adult Americans who are uninsured have a 40% more risk of dying compared to those with health cover, further emphasizing on Wilper et al argument.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention also stated that approximately another 8.6 million people have serious illnesses caused by cigarette smoking. Cigarettes contain arsenic, formaldehyde, lead, hydrogen cyanide, nitrogen oxide, carbon monoxide, ammonia and 43 known carcinogens (Brandt). Urea, a component found in urine, is also added to cigarettes to add flavor. Each year more Americans die from cigarette smoking than homicide, AIDS, drugs abuse and car accidents combined (Health Effects). Despite this tragic fact, cigarettes are the most widely advertised item in America.
A little piece of rolled paper with a small amount of tobacco inside is the responsible of killing around 5 million people per year. Additionally to the components of tobacco, the smoke of one cigar contains a mix of more than 4,000 chemical substances, plus more than 70 substances added for the tobacco companies during the manufacturing of a cigar. The popularity of this product is increasing, and many reasons are given from those who consume it, such as stress, social rewards, parental or media influences, and even genetic predisposition. But for decades, there’s has been a denial in society concerning the consequences of smoking cigarettes in the human body, due to few or erroneous published studies. Currently, the scientific evidence of the effects of voluntary or involuntary exposition to smoke, and consuming of cigarette are undeniable.
Since the 1950s, more than 70,000 scientific articles have left no doubt that smoking is an extraordinarily important cause of premature mortality and disability around the world. In populations where cigarette smoking has been common for several decades, about 90% of cases of lung cancer, 15–20% of cases of other cancers, 75% of cases of chronic bronchitis and emphysema and 25% of deaths from cardiovascular diseases in those 35–69 years of age are attributable to tobacco. Studies have shown that half of all long-term smokers will die of a tobacco-related disease and, of these, half will die before the age of 65 (World bank, 1999). The 2009 Global Adult Tobacco Survey estimates that adult smoking prevalence in the Philippines is 28.3%, which is equivalent to 17.3 million Filipinos aged 15 years old and over who are cigarette smokers. 47.7% (14.6 million) and 9.0% (2.8 million) of the 15 years old and over population are male and female smokers, respectively.
INTRODUCTION It's a proven fact. Each year more Americans die from lung cancer and other smoking related diseases than they die from aids, drug abuse, car accidents and homicide, combined. Cigarette smoking is a danger to our life and health. It is the leading known cause of lung cancer. Each year more than 30,000 people will die of lung cancer and 4 out of 5 of them will get it because of cigarette smoke.
There is minimal use of foreign products such as Bidis and Kreteks. Smoking related deaths from stroke, emphysema, cancer and heart disease kill an “estimated 443,000 Americans each year” and “costs the nation $96 billion in direct medical costs” and an almost equal amount in secondary costs from work loss productivity (Sebelius, 2012). Tobacco use in the form of cigarettes, smokeless tobacco and electronic cigarettes is the most common form of substance abuse among teens. Prevention of tobacco use among teens aged 13-17 is a significant social and health concern. The Surgeon General’s latest report (2014) on the health consequences of smoking relates an annual related death of over 278,000 from the years 2005-2009 (The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2012).
Together these four sites account for approximately 41,900 new cases of cancer diagnosed and 16,900 cancer deaths in Texans. Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States and is expected to become the leading cause of death within the next decade. Cancer also is the second leading cause of death in Texas. While cancer affects all people, studies have shown that this disease does not subscribe to “equal opportunity” mandates; varied distributions appear when cases are tallied by gender, age, race and economic groups, usually to the disadvantage of the minority in each instance. In Texas, African American men are diagnosed with cancer in higher numbers in comparison to their Non-Hispanic White and Hispanic counterparts.
Smoking prevalence declined from 20.9 percent of the population in 2005 to 18.1 percent in 2012 (CDC, 2014; CDC, n.d.). However, the effort to prevent tobacco-related illnesses and death is far from over. More than 42.1 million adult Americans smoked in 2012, and cigarette smoking is the number-one cause of preventable death in the U.S (CDC, n.d.; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services [HHS], 2014). More than 16 million Americans are currently suffering from a smoking-caused disease (Ibid), including various cancers, ischemic heart disease, hypertension, myocardial degeneration, aortic aneurysm, and others (Doll, 2004). A number of governmental programs exist at the state and national level to end tobacco use and related diseases in the United States, one of the largest of which is the CDC’s Office on Smoking and Health.