The History of Organizing Information

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The organization of information has a very long history. It appears that as soon as information begins to collect into a large enough amount people will start to organize it to fit their needs. There are examples of this need to organize both in ancient times and current ones. One of the earliest known examples of organizing information is a Sumerian tablet found at Nippur around 2000 BC. By that time, there were a large number of literary compositions inscribed on tablets of all types and shapes in Sumer. This particular tablet however was different because it was a literary catalogue. It listed by title one group of Sumerian literary compositions, 24 of the 62 titles are currently known. The scribe that created the list probably made it to help with the storing and filing of tablets. A second example is when in 1500 BC, the Hittites kingdom which was the greatest and richest power at the time in the region, actually inscribed their tablets with some bibliographic data at the end of a document including number of the tablet in a series, its title, and the name of the scribe. The kingdom produced a great deal of information including entire sets of royal archives, which had to be organized. The inscribed data no doubt helped greatly with the organization of their tablets. A final example from ancient times is when the Assyrian king Ashurbanipal who was very proud of his education established a library in the city of Nineveh. He sent scholars many places to copy tablets to bring them to Nineveh; this resulted in a very large library that needed to be organized. By 650 BC the library was large enough (20,000 tablets) that made a systematic means of order and authenticity necessary. Unfortunately this trend of finding bette... ... middle of paper ... ...rated into the AACR2 in 1978. This allowed the codes to address other materials besides books, to take into account machine processing of bibliographic records (MARC), and to reconcile the British and American texts. Since then the AACR2 has been revised twice, once in 1988 and again in 1998. It is now being replaced with the RDA so that libraries can have comprehensive set of guidelines about description and access covering all types of media; As new formats and technology becomes available, the ways that people organize information will continue to change, but the need to do so will always be there. Therefore, the organization of information not only has very long history it is a something that will continue to happen. Works Cited Taylor, Arlene G, and Daniel N. Joudrey. The Organization of Information. Westport, Conn: Libraries Unlimited, 2009. Print.

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