The History of Architecture

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The history of architecture is very influential in mankind’s culture. It has evolved and become more prominent with the growth of civilizations. The Egyptians contributed square stones, pyramids, and ramps (St. Petersburg Times). The Greeks gave pillars and theaters (Gascoigne). The most prominent, the Romans, gave domes, aqueducts, and roads (Alchin). Everything else was given by lesser known countries. Without these countries who mastered the art of architecture, the world would look a lot different. The Egyptians are one of the oldest civilizations to still have major structures still standing (St. Petersburg Times). What they left behind is their stonework, the largest of which are their pyramids (St. Petersburg Times). Egyptians mainly used granite, limestone, and sandstone for their monuments (St. Petersburg Times). They did not have mortar at the time, so they had to figure out different means of getting the structures to fit together (St. Petersburg Times). St. Petersburg Times stated, “Only pillars were used to sustain short stone supports.” Getting the materials to each designated spot was hard, so adobe ramps were constructed (St. Petersburg Times). Without our modern tools, ancient Egyptians had to rely on the square shape to keep almost all their structures steady (St. Petersburg Times). Kevin Jackson and Jonathon Stamp said in Building the Great Pyramid, “… pointing out, for example, that until the Eiffel Tower in Paris in 1889, the Great Pyramid reigned supreme as the tallest building in the world; or that, at 6 million tons, it weighed more than all the buildings in the modern City of London’s square mile put together.” This means, the Great Pyramid should not have been able to be built in the amount of time and... ... middle of paper ... ..., how architecture without mortar could be done, and how to build major structures at the beginning of major architecture. Almost everything else was learned from the study of lesser known countries (Paine). Without the knowledge gained from past civilizations, the world would look far more different than it does today. Works Cited Alchin, Linda. “Ancient Roman Architecture”. Tribunesandtriumphs. 2008. Web. 6 May 2014 Gascolgne, Bamber. “History of Architecture”. Historyworld. 2001. Web. 30 April 2014. Hopper, R. J. The Acropolis. New York: The MacMillan Company, 1971. Print. Jackson, Kevin. Stamp, Jonathon. Building the Great Pyramid. London: BBC Worldwide Ltd, 2003. Print. Paine, Roberta. Looking at Architecture. New York: Lee and Shepard Company. 1974. Print. St. Petersburg Times. “Egypt: Art and Architecture”. Sptimes. 1999. Web. 6 May 2014.
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