The most popular form of deer control is hunting. Hunting is a helpful management tool for keeping deer from becoming overpopulated. When European settlers arrived, the deer were hunted for meat and hide without thinking of management. After 100 years, deer were threatened with extinction in N.C. Today deer populations are 1.25 million in NC. Hunting can help regulate this population if done correctly.
PETA, and other organizations like them, think that hunting is a cruel and inhumane, and a non-effective way of controlling the whitetail deer population. Hunting is the primary source of conservation and income for the national fish and wildlife service. Let’s look at a couple ways that hunting provides an effective wildlife management tool. To begin, at the beginning of the 20th century there were an estimated 500,000 deer left in the US, because of conservation efforts led by hunters, there are more than 44 million in America today. Furthermore, hunting helps highway safety.
Another thing is what type of food they eat and how it affects them. Another big factor is where they're located and what climate they are in. There are many aspects of deer feeding such as what time of year, location, and type of feed. Summer time is a big part of a deers life because it is when it is the warmest so they have to find a way to keep cool and stay alert and hydrated. Soybeans are a great food for deer, and there probably is no other food better for deer in the summer than soybeans.
Most white-tailed deer mate after their second year, especially males. Females have been found to mate as early as seven months. Bucks are polygamous although they may form an attachment and stay with a single doe for several days or even weeks until she reaches oestrus. Mating occurs from October to December and gestation is approximately 6 and a half months. In her first breeding, a female generally has one fawn, but 2 per litter are born in subse2quent years.
Then the abundance of deer began to decrease very rapidly in the late 1800s (History of Deer Management). The density on the number of deer is based by square miles. Deer numbers differ if they are located in suburbs or natural areas. The size and condition of deer raises a very different perspective on deer in Illinois (IDNR’s Deer Management). Typical... ... middle of paper ... ...f of a tree, it can kill it.
This specific deer is an herbivore or plant eater. It feeds in the early morning hours and in the late afternoon. This deer's diet changes depending on its habitat and the season. It eats green plants in the spring and summer. In the fall, it eats corn, acorns and ot... ... middle of paper ... ...white-tailed deer comes from one of seven glands.
From spring through fall, they feed on grasses, fruit, weeds, crops and the tender growth. During the fall and winter their diet consists of woody plant stems, green growth, acorns and evergreen leaves. The males are called a "bucks" and the female is called a "does”. White-tailed deer mate in November in the northern parts of their range and in January or February in the southern parts of their range. The female can have from one to three fawns after about six months after mating.
The changes due to deer are so slow that it's not obvious to someone driving by in a car, but at the regional level, hemlock forests are becoming rarer and rarer(85)." An example of what hunting can do for this type of situation is shown by looking at the Menominee Indian reservation in northern Wisconsin. It boasts an extensive hunting program. They allow hunting in and out of season which has held the deer population to about eight deer per square mile, compared to twenty per square mile in other forests and as much as 200 in some hard hit suburbs.
Any size acreage has the ability have deer o... ... middle of paper ... ...e anywhere from 50-175 pounds of meat. Most deer hunters harvest at least one deer a season if not more. Hunters can legally harvest two bucks and dependent on the county as many does as they can fit in their freezer. That is where deer hunting really comes in handy for those who are less fortunate and can’t afford to buy their meat from the farm or the supermarket. Instead of paying two thousand dollars a deer and up to a million in each county when they do have the deer shoots, they could open up the parks to the public for hunting purposes.
Ever since the Pilgrims were introduced to the Indians, the deer was a big meat source for survival. They used the meat, bones for various needs, including sewing and the fur for clothing. The deer became an everyday hunted game. The decline of the deer population began. Before Mayflower Landed, Indians had a Saying "you only killed what you can eat, so that you can eat tomorrow', the forest itself did not provide the optimum habitat necessary to maintain the deer population.