The History Of Plastics: The Fragmentation And Acidization Of Plastics

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One of the most visible and long lasting changes to the Earth’s surface is the fragmentation and accumulation of plastic (D. K. A. Barnes et al., 2009). Plastic has been a great invention of the 19th century, brought great ease to the people. Humans have benefited by the use of polymers since around 1600 BC when first natural rubber was processed into balls, figurines and bands by ancient Mesoamericans. In the past years, humans have relied increasingly on rubber and plastic, first experiments were with polymers, horn, waxes, natural rubber and resins, until the nineteenth century, when modern thermoplastic began to develop. In 1839, vulcanized rubber was invented by Goodyear, and a German apothecary, Eduard Simon, discovered polystyrene (PS).…show more content…
The first 50 years of 20th century was really expanded by the development of modern plastic, with at least 15 new polymer classes being synthesized. The plastic success as a material has been substantial; they have proved to be versatile for wide use range of types and forms, including natural polymers, modified natural polymers, thermosetting plastics, thermoplastic and most recent addition the biodegradable plastic. Plastics have numerous unique properties; they are chemical and light resistant, can be used at a very wide temperature range and they are strong and tough, but as a hot melt can be easily worked. It is the low cost of plastic and the range of properties that has driven the worldwide annual demand for plastic to reach 245 million tons today. At a 5 per cent conservative growth, a continuation of this trend suggests that amount of plastic at least about 308 million tons will be consumed annually worldwide by 2010. This projected growth is mainly because of the increasing public demand for plastics (A. L. Andrady

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