“In the 16th century, Gaspare Tagliacozzi, known as ‘the father of plastic surgery,’ reconstructed noses slashed off by swords during duels by transferring flaps of upper arm skin. This procedure was also used to correct the saddle nose deformity of syphilis” (Donohoe, 2006, p. 11). In the 19th people were aware of the existence of reconstructive but it took a turn from its reconstructive roots that was traceable to India and Italy to more cosmetic applications. Between 1887 and 1898 rhinoplasty publications came to the United States and Germany. Many doctors began an in depth study attempting to improving such procedures.
Humans’ main purpose of plastic surgery in the 1900s was to fix the injured soldiers in war. Plastic surgery became popular during the world wars. This field of surgery importance was treating and saving soldiers. At this period, plastic surgery was new and had a high chance of progress. At the first world war, many jaw and deep wounds were treated which lead to new experience and improvements for reconstructive surgery.
About ten years ago, the da Vinci Surgical System was introduced to hospitals and the medical field, in general because the FDA had finally approved the system within the United States (Dunkin). The da Vinci Surgical System, also known basically as robotic surgery, introduced the use of a surgical robot, which is operated by the doctor himself using a controlled manipulator (Declan et al.). Prior to the invention of robot-assisted surgeries, most surgeons simply did a typical laparoscopic surgery on a patient. Laparoscopic surgery is “a type of surgery performed through several small incisions, rather than one (or more) large ones as in standard "open" surgery” (Schmitz). Through the development of superior technology, such as the surgical robot; it brought about changes that effected doctors, patients, and the medical world.
Harold Gillies industrialized many procedures of modern facial plastic surgery. He fashioned these techniques to be able to help combatants who were in agony from mutilating facial injuries during the First World War. Sir Harold Gillies, supervised a massive treatment center for allied casualties in Kentucky. Throughout the war as well as after the war, Gillies drew in surgeons from many different countries. These surgeons came to learn plastic surgery methods from Gillies himself.
Plastic surgery is one of the most growing fields in medicine. Reconstructive surgery is one of the branches from plastic surgery and it is defined as surgeries performed to restore facial and body defects caused by a disease, trauma, burns, or birth defects (Nelson, 2010). When it first started, it focused on helping people who are having difficulty blending in society. For instance, during the Renaissance era, in the late 1700s, doctors worked on enhancing the appearance of patients suffering from the nose deformation caused by syphilis using plastic surgery. Enabling them to blend in society and cover the disease.
The term plastic surgery comes from the Greek word “plastikos” (fit for molding) which had been popularized by Pierre Desault in 1978 as a label to repair deformities. The developments in anesthesia and antisepsis had made the plastic surgery procedure become less risky. Plastic surgery surgeons had applied their technique to the victims of birth defects and for people who involved in industrial accidents. “Batter Baby Contests” organized in America had helped to usher the plastic surgery industry. Culture of Conformity verse Plastic Surgery “If I get the surgery, my eyes will look bigger” said Min-Kyong to the CNN World during her interviewed.
He identified the mold as Penicillin.  Later on, due to World War 2, a new team of researchers were able to further the research on the drug and test it on injured soldiers. The drug was effective in fighting illnesses such as anthrax, tetanus, and syphilis. It also prove... ... middle of paper ... ...and Frank Gerow developed the first silicone gel implant.  In the late ‘60s and ‘70s, the original design was upgraded and the outer shell was made thicker in order to avoid leakage.
After the Battle of Antietam on September 17, 1862, Buck began reparative operations on wounded solders. His first reconstructive surgeries focused on damage to the face, but later he performed various surgeries on a cleft palate, an enlarged lip, an opening in the nasal cavity and many others (Buck and Selman 2011). Therefore, Buck was an influential figure in medicine that paved the way for future surgical practices. Despite the medical innovations presented by Civil War Surgeons, one obstacle they could not surpass was the one created by germs. During a time before antiseptic and aseptic technique... ... middle of paper ... ... an important transition period for medicine.
Plastic Surgery techniques were used by India around 800 B.C then this continued throughout the centuries. Another fact, plastic surgery in 1400 to 1700 was popular in barber shops as this was places to be treated during that time. During World War II it was practiced for limbs or skin injuries and etc… Following on during the 1960s it was for silicone breast implant as this was popular but there are side effects this involved breast amputation this could by infections at the age of 40. WWII brought new types of plastic surgery which included reconstructing limbs, skin grafts, microsurgery, antibodies, and good knowledge about tissue health. Cosmetic procedures is becoming common in the UK in the developing years, cosmetic surgery has become widespread.
when physicians began using skin grafts (replacing damaged skin with healthy skin) to repair facial injuries, a procedure that spread to Europe by the 1700’s. up until the 1900’s, plastic surgery expanded and improved as physicians began to follow this practice and make many new discoveries and enhancements in the medical field. By 1930, the American Board of Surgeons established a new board—American Board of Plastic Surgery—dedicated specifically to its name. Twenty years later, plastic surgeons designed a form of “internal wiring” to restore damages and deformities. Plastic Surgery made its public debut in the 1960’s when the use of silicone, a material used for the improvement of body imperfections, became widely known; but then banned in 1992 because the safety of the material was questionable.