The myths must be dispelled. First of all, coal is not a bountiful. It is a nonrenewable resource and, according to a United States Geologic Survey, it is only expected...
Coal is a hard, black colored rock-like substance. It is made up of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, and varying amount of sulphur. Coal was form as decomposition took place in the absence of oxygen and much of the hydrogen content of the matter was eroded away, leaving a material rich in carbon. The material was compressed over the years by sand and dirt, leaving the form of a carbon known as coal. The different types of coals are Anthracite, bituminous, lignite, peat, coke, and charcoal. Coal is mined out of the ground and used to produce energy. However, they are many deaths, injuries, and sickness involved in mining coal.
...ded transportation for trains and powered the industry. In the early 90’s, hydrocarbon became the primary source of fuel used in aircraft, ships and was refined into diesel and gasoline. It’s provided cheap energy that was responsible for the rapid expansion of modern civilization all over the world. The US reached their peak of oil production decades back, the reserves in both conventional natural gas and oil was rapidly decreasing because of the large consumption every day. A small oil and gas company in Texas was able to figure out how to produce the natural gas from the Barrett shale formation. In North Dakota border, the technology was used in the oil shale wells. These two events solved the energy problem in the United State, made the United States the largest producer of natural gas and are now changing the economics and politics of the natural gas industry.
The land and geology of America is extremely important, even though we severely take it for granted. Many developments and processes we do majorly damage the ground that we stand on, and fracking is no exception. Fracking uses large drills and equipment set out all across America to harvest the Natural gas. One of the most popularized states for fracking is Pennsylvania and the forests the equipment is set up in are being dilapidated. The drills, roads, and other necessary parts for fracking are killing these forests. Over 9,000 Marcellus Shale permits and over 49,000 non-Marcellus Shale permits were created between 2000 and 2011 in Pennsylvania alone. These fracking drills are severely dividing the forests causing the entire ecosystem to be damaged. Besides destroying the forests fracking also causes earthquakes and sinkholes. Scientists have found a direct correlation between fracking and the recent earthquak...
An important part of extracting natural gas from the Marcellus Shale is that it is not only necessary and desirable, but it is also practical for farmers to implement on their property. This is because drilling is now regulated by law. Therefore, it is ensured to improve and sustain Pennsylvania’s agriculture through legislation requirements. This is due in large part to the establishment of Pennsylvania Act Thirteen, which went into effect in February of 2012.
Conventional wisdom tells there are two sides to every story. Sometimes, one side represents the science, facts, and figures. Sometimes, the other side represents emotions and plays on unfounded facts. As natural gas is extracted thru hydraulic fracturing, also known as “fracking,” some people see this effort as a direct attack on mother earth; meanwhile, others see this as a blessing that has been bestowed upon us at a critical point in America’s development. Let’s first examine the group that lets fear conjecture run emotion and baseless facts guide their opinions and efforts to accepting natural gas in Pennsylvania.
Coal is considered a fossil fuel that traces back to prehistoric times. Coal is formed from the remains of vegetation life that grew over 400 million years ago. Coal is a very abundant natural resource for the United States. Over 90 percent of the coal that is consumed in the United States is used to generate electricity. Coal has an important role in energy in the United States because of our increasing dependence on this natural element. Coal’s role in the United States economy is either positive or negative depending on whose view you take political and socially. The question we must ask ourselves and society is the financial gains that can be made by coal production worth the impact on our health and environment.
In this essay, I hope to inform the reader about the variations in Pennsylvania’s coals, explain the differing methods of coal mining, and provide insights into the use of coal. Although Pennsylvania’s coal reserves have dwindled, coal is still one of the major energy forms used for electric power generation. Widespread use of alternative energy forms have not yet taken place, although this is an area that needs to develop further, if we don’t want to exhaust our current reserves of fossil fuels.
Recently, the United States has experienced a boom in natural gas exploration and extraction. This has come about mainly because of the discovery of huge natural gas reserves in the Marcellus Shale Formation, an area of bedrock that stretches throughout much of the northeastern Appalachians and covers states like Pennsylvania and New York. Thus, the discovery of these reservoirs of natural gas in the region (and in other parts of the U.S.) have led to increased extraction and production of natural gas as an alternative fuel source. Natural gas as a natural resource has several benefits but it also exhibits some drawbacks. LNG (liquefied natural gas) has been an especially hot topic as corporations are looking to save money while helping to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Going to a school like Penn State entitles you to many advantages that smaller schools don’t have, such as diversity, world renowned professors, and several different majors to choose from. All of these things I knew before going to Penn State. However, one thing I was not aware of was the enormous amount of coal that the state of Pennsylvania has, and the power that its coal gives to the rest of the United States. Northeastern Pennsylvania, after all, has the only commercial deposits of anthracite coal, the premium coal for domestic use (Lecture 2/11/02).
Taking into account the higher carbon efficiency in the generation process, and adding together every benefit of using natural gas instead of other fossil fuels, the United States is dramatically switching its major fuel. The US has changed to reduce coal and increase natural gas ge...
At some point in everyone’s lives, we are affected by the rising gas prices in today’s economy. Natural gas is not a renewable resource, since there is a fixed amount of it trapped in the Earth. However, many people carry the misconception that there is a very limited amount of natural gas, and that we may use all of it up. This isn’t true. The gas shortages of the 1970's were prompted by the government’s lack of faith in the industry’s ability to discover and develop new reserves, not by lack of gas supply. The unfortunate impression left by the shortages of gas in the 1970's caused the people to believe that there was a small amount of gas left. On the contrary, the gas resource base is vast, and probably even larger than currently estimated. People are often confused by the difference in "proved reserves", those that could be economically produced with the current technology, and the total natural gas resource base.
· cutting two shafts and lighting a fire at the base of one of them,