New artists came onto the scene and again changed how hip hop would sound. This period was called “The New School”. One of the first groups to change hip during this time was Run-D.M.C. They were a trio of middle-class African Americans who mixed rap with hard rock, defined a new style of dressing, and became staples on MTV as they brought rap to a mainstream audience. The introducing of MTV only made hip hop more mainstream.
“Hip-hop is a cultural movement that attained widespread popularity in the 1980s and 90s; also, the backing music for rap, the musical style incorporating rhythmic and/or rhyming speech that became the movements most lasting and influential art form” (Light & Tate, n.d, para. 1). Hip-hop consist of deejaying, rapping, graffiti, and b-boying or break dancing. It originated in the South Bronx in the late 1970s. The four elements that made hip-hop were a collection of diverse ethnicity in the Bronx credited to Dj Kool Herc, Grand Wizard, Grandmaster Flash, and many more (Light & Tate, n.d, para.
The name hip-hop comes from one of the earliest phrases used in rap on the song “Rapper’s Delight” by Sugarhill Gang. “I said a hip hop, hippie to the hippie, the hip, hip a hop, and you don't stop, a rock it to the bang bang boogie, say, up jump the boogie, to the rhythm of the boogie, the beat.”. In addition to rap music, the hip-hop subculture also formed other methods of expression like break dancing, graffiti art, a unique slang vocabulary, and fashion sense. Rap started in the mid-1970s in the South Bronx area of New York City. The birth of rap is, in many ways, like the birth of rock and roll.
In the 1970’s, he introduced the type of music into a style we know now as rap. He used turn tables and used other records to make longer segments. Soon deejays started to work with other rappers and talk in rhythmic sayings, this became to be known as hip hop. For years popular styles of club deejays like Herc, and Afrika Bambaataa, rapped originally in African American neighborhoods in New York. Rap hit the air on the mainstream for the first time in 1980, with well-known performers L.L Cool J, Run- D.M.C., Hammer, and Will Smith.
The new generation of Hip-Hop or rather Hip-Hop today focuses more on Partying, music, and Swag rather than the original elements: Deejaying, Emceeing, Graffiti, and B-Boy or break dancing. These elements are still seen in today's Hip-Hop but have adapted a new style. Hip-Hop started in the early 1970's by Clive Campbell, known as DJ Kool Herc, in Bronx, New York. He was born in Jamaica and moved to New York at the age of 12. His style had a lot of influence on reggae because of his Jamaican heritage.
Herc's musical parties eventually gained notoriety and were often documented on cassette tapes that were recorded with the relatively new boombox, or blaster, technology. Taped duplicates of these parties rapidly made their way through the Bronx, Brooklyn, and uptown Manhattan, spawning a number of similar DJ acts. Among the new breed of DJs was Afrika Bambaataa, the first important Black Muslim in rap. (The Muslim presence would become very influential in the late 1980s.) Bambaataa often engaged in sound-system battles with Herc, similar to the so-called cutting contests in jazz a generation earlier.
Hip Hop used to be made by sampling old funk records which featured breakdowns, or drum and bass only sections used to create a continuous breakbeat. The rhyme, or rap is equivalent to “flow of words”. An emcee (MC is short for master of ceremonies) or hip-hop artist would then “rap” over the sampled beat into a completely new track. Hip hop songs usually lie between 80 to 105 beats per minute, though it began to expand as newer subgenres emerged in the following years. (Crauwels, 2016) mentions that since hip hop initially tried to end ghetto poverty, bigotry and racism, artists tried to shift their focus to white audiences, connecting remote subcultures.
It was during this time period, when the former gangs of the late sixties developed into the posses and crews of the early seventies. When former gang territories became perfect locations for block parties and outdoor jams. Prior gang warfare transformed into hard-hitting competitions between DJs as well as MCs, joined by numerous male and female street dancers, and the colorful artistic representations of graffiti artists. Who started this movement? A man by the name of Clive Campbell, also known as DJ Kool Herc, was the spark that ignited the fire, for he developed the basis of hip-hop by structuring it around the Jamaican tradition of toasting-impromptu: proud poetry and dialogue over music in which he observed as a child in Jamaica (Chang).
The term Hip-hop originated from an early New York rapper Lovebug Starkski. (Kunjufu 1993). The origins of rap are Black and Latino. (Dyson 2007). Hip hop has a lot more than music it has become a way to break barriers into becoming a way of culture for society.
Hip hop really came to the scene when block parties in New York City became really popular during the 1970s. This scene became increasingly popular in the Bronx due to the large African-American and Puerto Rican influences combined. These groups of people really became fans because hip hop music was seen as a voice or the stories of the “disenfranchised youth of the lower class areas and cultures and really talked about the social, economic and political realities of their lives. As hip hop grew more popular so did other genres such as disco. Disco started to have a slight influence on hip hop but then decided to part ways after stealing some of the loops and tracks f... ... middle of paper ... ...elp show the west coast was another viable prospect to gangsta rap compared to the east coast hip hop.