The Hidden Agenda of New Imperialism

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1890s was a decade which represented the peak of the imperial power and glory. The 20th century brought with him a new form of imperialism known as New Imperialism. This concretely referred to the colonial expansion that the Europe’s powers did during that period. Queen Victoria’s diamond jubilee exhibited the power and wealth that the British Empire possessed to the entire world. Such demonstrations could only be matched by the French, Dutch and Russians which possessed similarly wealthy empires. Evidently, many other nations aspired and envied those wealthy nations because their nations had not conquered large empires. Most noteworthy among these nations were Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy and Japan. These were countries in the making which had yet to possess a definitive territory and thus were seeking ways of expanding in order to claim some of the so-called imperial glory. Germany and Austria-Hungary precedent aside now worked hands in hands towards opportunities to expand such as the Ottoman Empire which was in decline in Central Europe. To the “German” question one would argue that New Imperialism made each nation responsible for starting World War I and not Germany itself. Austria-Hungary, after the Russo-Turkish War (1877-1878), annexed Bosnia-Herzegovina in hopes of pushing southward into Serbia, which had recently regained its independence from Ottoman Turkey. The Dual Alliance (1879-1918) between Germany and Austria-Hungary pledged to ensure each other supports in case of a Russian attack as well as neutrality would another European country attack one of them. Russia, which occupied Poland at the time, is uncertain of what to conquer but is aware of German and Austria-Hungary interest into expanding into Russian ter... ... middle of paper ... ... economies, seeking to offset the declining tendency of the rate of profit, by exporting capital. It is the monopoly stage of capitalism. Each country having entered the war with their own personal gain in mind therefore they all become responsible for the World War I. Each of them wanted this war, were convinced they could win, and were planning on using their status of “victors” in to obtain what they sought. By the end of World War I, Austria-Hungary was collapsing and Germany was the only candidate left to assume the role of scapegoat. Works Cited Koch, H, W. The origins of the First World war: Great Power rivalry and German war aims. Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1972. Laqueur, Walter, and George L Mosse. 1914: the coming of the First World War. New York: Harper & Row, 1966. Lenin, Vladimir Ilyich. Imperialism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism. Petrograd, 1916.
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