The Greek Goddesses In Greek mythology the gods and goddesses of Mount Olympus played a major role in everyday life. The Greeks respected them and thought of the gods as all mighty. In Ancient Greece the people honored and believe in the deities. Myths, poems, and epics tell the stories and beliefs referring to the gods and goddesses. Many literary works display the power and jobs of the goddesses.
Athena The god Athena, back in time when Greece was making its mark in history as one of the great civilization of the Ancient World, there was a great deal of emphasis on the Gods and Goddesses. To the Greeks the world was governed by the Gods and they were the reason many things happened in the world, mostly things that where unexplainable. The goddess Athena was one of the many gods or goddesses that played a large role in Greek mythology. Even though Athena was the patron saint of Athens she supported other Greeks outside of Athens, such as, Achilles, Orestes, and especially Odysseus. Athena is know to be the goddess of war, guardian of cities, patroness of arts and crafts, and promoter of wisdom (Classical).
The Parthenon was an amazing and important temple. Dedicated to Athena, the goddess of war and wisdom, it was a very important temple to the Greeks. Greeks worshiped all of their gods by building temples for them and giving sacrifices. Most of the sacrifices were sacred tiles designed especially for the gods, not many were human. What was the Parthenon?
Athena With a battle cry that resounded through the kingdom of heaven and earth she sprang from the head of Zeus. She is one of the most powerful forces on Mount Olympus, representing war and the immortal spirit of wisdom. Athena embodies the matriarchal goddess, a complex figure of internal strength and reflection. She is a powerful source of interpretation for the idea of the goddess as a balance between nature and humanity. In one aspect she embodies the civic patron of Athens, with her benevolence and strategic defenses.
The Temple of Athena Nike exemplifies the early Greek belief that the gods, specifically Athena, held divine providence over government and victory in war. It was built as part of the same project as the Parthenon, one of the greatest achievements of Mycenaean Greece. Lasting from 1300-1000 B.C.E, Mycenaean Greece bordered Epirus, Macedonia, Phrace, Phryapa, Mysia, Caria, and Lydia. Encompassing this time span, Ancient Greece lasted from 8000 to 50 B.C.E. The achievements of Athens in this time include the Pythagorean Theorem and the Socratic dialogues.
The Church of Aphrodite, as it plainly says in its name, is dedicated to the worship of the greek goddess Aphrodite (Alder). In Greek mythology, Aphrodite is seen as the goddess of love, and often the physical kind (Davis 200). She is also seen as the goddess of beauty and has a great connection to the ancient Eastern fertility goddess (Davis 200). In Egyptian mythology Isis was the goddess of fertility, and she also resembled the devout, perfect wife (Davis 89). Isis also represented mystery and magic, for she was able to resurrect her murdered husband Osiris (Davis 89).
Homer refers to her as “Artemis Agroteca, Potnia Theron:”, "Artemis of the wildland, Mistress of Animals". She was the daughter of Zeus and Leto, although Arcadians believe she was the daughter of Demeter. She was also the twin sister of Apollo, having been born first and helped her mother deliver Apollo. Her Roman equivalent is Diana. Some scholars believe that her name and the goddess herself were originally pre-Greek.
In this painting we see Venus (the Roman name for Aphrodite) emerging from the sea. In art Aphrodite is often shown being transported by a giant sea shell as a reference to her birth from the sea onto the island of Cyprus. Aphrodite was more than just a beauty in ancient Greece. The Greeks believed she could be useful in many situations. This is most likely why she typically has multiple shrines within one city.
“Religious festivals were an important part of the social life of ancient Greek cities” (“Religion”). To worship their deity people held public and private ceremonies for them (“Religion”). They’re 12 major gods and goddesses: Zeus, Poseidon, Hades, Demeter, Artemis, Ares, Aphrodite, Athena, Hephaestus, Hermes, and Hestia (“Religion”). Even though they are the most worshipped deities, the Greeks worshipped Prometheus, the god of civilization and technology (“Technology”). “The term technology refers to the use of scientific knowledge to develop practical needs for controlling physical objects and... ... middle of paper ... ...a husband for Myrrhine” (Polio).
Influence of Greek Culture Back in the days of Homer’s Writings, Greek culture had a huge influence on the way of life and the style of writing. In this epic Greek culture also played a huge roll in the outcome of the story. The three traits of Greek culture that are evident in this story are, marriage is permanent, gods are revered and intelligence is valued. The first one of these traits that stands out in this epic is marriage is permanent. Penelope is faced with many suitors who wish to marry her and rule Ithica, yet she remained loyal and had faith that her husband, Odysseus would return to her side.