The Heart Of Heart Disease

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Heart disease, also known as cardiovascular disease, is a disorder that affects the heart. Heart disease is the leading cause of death of most ethnicities in the United States, including African Americans, Hispanics, and Whites. For American Indians or Alaska Natives and Asian or Pacific Islanders, heart disease is the second leading death. Although heart disease is often thought of as a problem for men, more women than men die of heart disease each year.
The most common heart attack symptom in women is some type of pain, pressure or discomfort in the chest area. Some women may have heart attack without chest pains. Women are more likely than men to have heart attack symptoms that are unrelated to chest pain, such as neck, jaw, shoulder or upper back discomfort, shortness of breath, nausea or vomiting, sweating, lightheadedness or dizziness, unusually fatigue, and right arm pain. Mental stress can also trigger heart attack symptoms in women.
Risk of heart disease and risk factors for heart disease are strongly linked to family history. For example, if a Mother have a stroke, the child the family is more likely to have one. Family history provides a picture of the environment and genetics in place when these diseases occurs. Genetics cannot be changed, so if a patient have a family history with heart disease, they must change their environment. Meaning lowering risks by changing behaviors that can increase chance of getting heart disease or stroke. Ways of changing behaviors are better eating habits, physical activities, and eliminating smoking. Examples of heart disease in both men and women are coronary artery disease, angina, arrhythmia, congenital heart disease, dilated cardiomyopathy, myocardial infarction, heart failure, and...

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...nd to develop heart failure at an older age than men.
• Depression is frequently associated with heart failure and is more common in women than men.
• Women tend to have more symptoms such as shortness of breath and more difficulty exercising than men
• In general, women survive longer than men with heart failure.
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a genetic disorder in which the wall of the left ventricle becomes thick, making it harder for blood to leave the heart. The heart has to work harder to pump blood. This is the leading cause of sudden death in athletes. A father or mother with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy has a fifty percent chance of passing the disorder onto their children. Women with HCM shows a higher risk of profession to advanced heart failure or death. Men and women’s different social, endocrine, or genetic factors may affect the diagnosis of HCM.
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