Successful aging is a concept that is used to describe the physical, social, and mental well-being in older age. This concept has primarily received increased attention in the recent past because of significant increases in the absolute and relative number of older people in today’s society (Rowe & Kahn, 1997, p.433). This increase has in turned contributed to challenges for medicine, social and behavioral science, and ... ... middle of paper ... ...ties tend to experience unhealthy aging as compared to their counterparts in high income societies. Notably, socioeconomic differences imply that some older individuals will suffer from the impact of early health disadvantage in low income societies. Therefore, social structures like economic status have considerable effects on successful aging.
Although there is evidence from many studies that disability rate is declining in the U.S.2, the rapid expansion of the oldest-old age group will continue to pose health care challenges for future generations. Disability prevalence rates are very high in the oldest-old3 and even reached 97% in centenarians4. These high rates of disability will have a tremendous financial impact in the future as people living with disability have much higher health care expenditures5. Because of the growing concern associated with disability in the elderly, many researchers have examined factors that may be associated with the risk disability in the elderly. These factors have ranged widely, including functional limitations6-9, level of physical activity10, 11, depression12-15, cognitive status13, 16, 17, comorbidities18, 19, falls6, 20, self-rated health21, 22, social interaction23 and others24.
The increase in elder people means the bigger amount of money will be spend on our health care. Health care is the area that is first in line when it comes to age structure of the population especially with the increasing amount of older age people. Health care costs are also more likely to rise when life expectancy increases. With that added to the list of problems, we have to question if the government can support with enough money. With the high amount of elder people means an increase amount of retirees which means a decrease in amount of working ages.
The research presents the results of gap that exist between the patient’s perception of service quality and management expectation on the quali... ... middle of paper ... ... and health insurance is expected to reach US$ 160 billion by 2017, as per the reports of Frost & Sullivan. India has tremendous growth in the health care industry with its expansion in both the private and the public sectors. According to a report by Grant Thornton India, the Indian medical device and equipment market is expected to grow around US$ 7.8 billion by 2016. According to recent studies conducted, the patients have aspirations that are changing. Customers are becoming aware of their health needs, demand less waiting time for their service, quick response, and better quality of service and availability of healthcare units nearby.
As the medical field becomes more business oriented, there will be more of a shift in focus toward the costs and benefits, which will make medicine more like the rest of the economy (Getzen, 2013, p. 439). Proportion of GNP As of 2013 data, the US per capita government expenditure was $4307 while total per capita expenditure on health spending was $9146, which is 17.1 percent of the GDP (2013) for the total expenditure on health. The annual rate of growth in per capita government spending on healthcare has been roughly 5.1 percent over the past thirty years (WHO, 2015). This rate of spending on health care growing faster than the economy for many years creates challenges ... ... middle of paper ... ...care in 2050. While it has been suggested that Medicare funding will run out by 2030, if projected reductions in spending hold true and continue, this system may remain solvent in 2050 (Peralta, 2014).
For instance, the government by be required to increase the size of medical care services offered to older adults by 2050 based on the demogra... ... middle of paper ... ...requently, and provide for this need (Irving, 2014). The elderly also have a greater need for housing. Many older adults do not have access to proper housing thus the increased dependence on homes. Housing for the elderly should be pre-planned before retirement to ensure decent provision after employment. Each state should have well-developed home based care system for adults living in solitary.
To be able to care for the rapidly growing number of health care recipients, continued changes must take place within the health care setting. Not only is there an increase number of people seeking health care but there is a shortage of nurses available to deliver quality patient care. The US Census Bureau (2014) states that the average age of nurses will continue to rise, with approximately fifty percent entering retirement by 2020. There is an... ... middle of paper ... ...d nurses: A consensus position, 2010). This will enable the health care arena to have the resources needed to improve health care delivery to patients (Grant & Greene, 2012).
In 2010, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) released a report detailing recommended changes for the improvement of the nursing profession within the context of the changing healthcare system (Altman et al., 2015). In 2010 the United States was faced with an aging population with longer lifespans and increased rates of chronic disease (Altman et al., 2015). In 2010 the Affordable Care Act was signed into law which furthered the need for increased access to care for all (Institute of Medicine [IOM], 2010a). These challenges called for innovative approaches to healthcare which promoted the IOM to release the The Future of Nursing report. Scope of Practice The Affordable Care Act created an environment in which there is a need for effective healthcare delivery which can be remediated through improvement of nursing scope-of-practice (Altman et al., 2015; IOM, 2010a).
The challenges and impacts of ageing population on OECD countries: higher age care facilities requirement and healthy life expectancies The challenges and impacts of ageing population on OECD countries which are; higher requirement of aged care facilities and the prevalence of health expectancies are examined in this essay. Several factors like nutrition and effective nursing care are the significant reasons behind this. The population of the world will age much faster in the next decades than previously with the continuation of fertility decline and increase in life expectancy (Auer & Fortuny, 2000). Ageing is the fact of human life we are born; we grow up and become older and in due coverage time we die. As this course of human life is celebrated as a human success but rapid and wide spread ageing is one of the key elements transforming the influence in quality health development and productivity.
First, birth rates are declining in most parts of the world, but especially in the industrialized nations. and second, life expectancy is increasing almost everywhere. The U.K is a prime example of this phenomenon. In 1999 16 % of the population was 65 and over (DOH 1999). With the advent of new medicine and treatment for more and more illnesses and diseases the trend will increase.