In doing this the bacterium is limiting the amount of access points into it. By doing this the antibiotics will struggle to get into the bacterium, making it more resistant. Misuse or overuse of antibiotics plays a key role as to why bacteria have become resistant to antibiotics. With antibiotics easily available these days people will s... ... middle of paper ... ...less bacterium will become resistant as the right antibiotics are prescribed. The government must control and monitor what is happening with regards to dispensation of antibiotics to make sure the doctors are doing their jobs properly.
I know that I need to limit my antibiotic prescribing. I know that teaching my patients about common illnesses and infections and about antibiotics will help me in my practice. Teaching infection prevention will also become an important part of my practice. I understand the importance of prescribing the proper antibiotic and I will strive to prescribe narrow spectrum drugs if possible. I will rely on diagnostics and susceptibility tests to improve my antibiotic prescribing capabilities.
Staphylococcus aureus is also associated with soft tissue infection as well as toxic shock syndrome and has been found to be the causative agent in pneumonia, boils, arthritis, meningitis and osteomyelitis. The pathogenic abilities of Staphylococcus are most commonly associated with the toxins it produces in the stationary phase of the bacterial growth curve (2). Impetigo involves an infection of the superficial, top layers, of the skin. It is characterized by the development of red blisters that start to rupture and ooze fluid. A yellowish or honey colored crust then develops.
Thus, it is crucial to test bacteria for antibiotic resistance to utilize antibiotics that battle with bacteria properly. The Kirby-Bauer experiment supplements the knowledge of sensitivity and selection of antibiotics to combat infectious bacteria using appropriate antibiotics. It helps to determine which antibiotic is resistant or susceptible to certain bacteria (Barry et al., 1979). Twelve different types of antibiotics were dispensed on a large Mueller-Hinton agar plate containing Enterobacteriaceae. These antibiotics include AmC-30, AZM-15, CF-30, CIP-5, GM-10, P-10, PIP-100, PB-300, RA-5, SD-0.25, Te-30, and Va-30.
Antibiotic resistance is a consequence of the misuse of antibiotics that give pathogenic bacteria the ability to withstand the effects of an antibiotic. Resistance occurs when bacteria change in such a way that they survive exposure to antibiotics. Resistance may not be confined to a single antibiotic, but may affect multiple antimicrobial classes. Antibiotic resistance is a major problem and everyone needs to work together to combat it - from medical practitioners to patients. To get a clear insight of how pathogenic bacteria become resistant to antibiotics, one has to understand first how antibiotics work.
Antibiotic resistance is a growing concern related to the increase in resistance to antibiotic therapy and the decreased rate of production of antibiotics. One of the major concerns to healthcare prescribers is to avoid the use of over prescribing, unnecessary use of antibiotics, and maintaining the high degree of satisfaction among patients. It is stated in the article read by Aziz in an interview with the Chief Medical Officer, antibiotic resistance as a “ticking time bomb” and ranked it along with terrorism on a list of threats to the nation (Aziz, 2013). As the author continues to address the outcomes of antibiotic resistance, our roles as health care professionals, prescribers, and prevention strategies to reduce, prevent, and correct measures that need to take place towards antibiotic resistance. Antibiotics have several different ways in which they work to prevent the growth and production rate of bacteria from growing.
Antibiotic resistance is a phenomenon in which microorganisms undergo a genetic mutation that allows them to withstand the effects of antibiotic agents designed to kill them or make them incapable of reproduction. To understand antibiotic resistance, it is important to understand what antibiotics are and the mechanisms behind these drugs that affect diseases. Antibiotics are chemical agents that specifically target certain bacterial strains and disable the bacteria by preventing their reproduction and growth. Before or right when symptoms start occurring in a body following an infection, usually the white blood cells of the human body can cope with the infection. But when it gets past the power of WBCs, antibiotics are prescribed to prevent permanent damage to the body, permanent internal damage, sepsis or even death.
Antibiotic Resistance is the ability for a microorganism to resist the effects of an antibiotic, therefore becoming resistant to the medication, and continuing to multiply even in the presence of the antibiotic (APUA, 2013). Antibiotic Resistance occurs when bacteria mutate/evolve in a way that reduces or eliminates the way a drug affects it. This can be done in three ways; some bacteria have mechanisms do neutralise the antibiotic before it can do any harm. Others can effectively pump out the antibiotic before it begins to work, and some bacteria can change the sight of the antibiotic so that it does not affect the bacteria (RxList, undated). One of the m... ... middle of paper ... ...munity, and the entire world, as infections spread, and if resistant bacteria continues to spread and mutate, there will no longer be any medication to fight infections that were previously curable.
Tetracycline topical ointments can stop bacteria from growing on the skin. Terramycin, generic name oxytetracycline comes as an oral tablet and an opthalmic ointment. Achromycin, generic name tetracycline hydrochloride is FDA pregnancy category B. Anti-infectives can kill an infectious agent or prevent it from spreading. Anti-infectives are good to have because without them diseases would be spread throughout the world ant many lives would be taken away. Katie Parfait firstname.lastname@example.org
Healthcare workers play an important part in preventing antibiotic resistance which can be done through providing education on antibiotic usage and the prevention of antibiotic resistant organisms. In the article by Aziz (2013), several issues have been identified relating to antibiotic resistance, antibiotic structure and function and the properties which lead to bacteria becoming resistant. The article identifies ways in which healthcare professionals can help to reduce antibiotic resistance. Many antibiotics are now ineffective against resistant organisms, particularly Gram negative bacteria (Aziz, 2013). The situation with antibiotic resistance is heightened by a significant decrease in the research and development of new and effective antibacterial agents.