Originally called the New Negro Movement the Harlem Renaissance took place in the early 1900s in particular the 1920s.With the Great Migration relocating more than 6 million African Americans from rural southern areas to well populated northern cities such as New York and Chicago. During the Great Migration, “African
Occurring in the 1920’s and into the 1930’s, the Harlem Renaissance was an important movement for African-Americans all across America. This movement allowed the black culture to be heard and accepted by white citizens. The movement was expressed through art, music, and literature. These things were also the most known, and remembered things of the renaissance. Also this movement, because of some very strong, moving and inspiring people changed political views for African-Americans. Compared to before, The Harlem Renaissance had major effects on America during and after its time.
From the early 1900s – 1920s the Great Black Migration occurred. In addition, the Great Migration occurred in the early 1900s and ended shortly after the Great War. The Great Black Migration was a time where blacks left the south to seek a better lifestyle in the Midwestern, Northern, and Eastern states. Blacks fled the South to seek better jobs, escape racism and discrimination, and to look for better schooling for their children. The Great Black Migration mostly occurred in the states of Illinois, Missouri, New York, and California. During the Great Migration, more than 100,000 blacks migrated to Harlem, New York. In Chicago and New York City, blacks were empowered by black-owned businesses, newspapers, and communities. Newspaper clippings written by the likes of Ida B. Wells, Asa P. Randolph, Marcus Garvey, and W.E.B. Du Bois asked blacks to help themselves by establishing a culture within their communities. Other notable figures in black communities called out discriminate and violent acts against blacks to help bring awareness to Americans of what was happening across the nation. In all-black communities in New York City, the crusade for justice pushed blacks to participate in fine arts such as music, dance, writing, and painting. Participation in fine arts mostly helped literary writers during the Harlem Renaissance to express music and life experiences through their writing. Black musicians also helped in the expansion of the black cultural explosion in America. Famed artists such as Duke Ellington and Charlie Parker help lead new innovative ideas in creating music that helped blacks center on more positive things rather than focusing on being oppressed by whites.
The Harlem Renaissance, a cultural movement that began in the 1920s, brought an excitement and a new found freedom and voice to African-Americans who had been silent and oppressed for a long time. This blossoming of African-American culture in European-American society, particularly in the worlds of art and music, became known as The Harlem Renaissance.
Being an African American in the times of prejudice was anything but easy. Although slavery was outlawed, Jim Crow laws were utilized to keep African Americans “second class” and well below an equality of life that included housing, jobs, public facilities, as well as restaurants and many other liberties that were protected under a United States constitution. Many people such as W.E.B. Dubois and Marcus Garvey, although their ideas clashed between integration vs. separatism, they both supported the fact that African Americans needed to uplift one another and unify the black community, a term coined the Pan-Africanism movement, while also supporting the preservation of black culture’s heritage. Blacks who could gather enough money financially were moving out of the South in what was known as the Great Migration, and began filling Northern states in order to get away from the hate groups and constant violence that was occurring in the South. Even though the laws of the North were not as harsh as the Southern States the prejudice was still just as spiteful. Although dealing with prejudice, African Americans who migrated to Northern cities came across an abundance of jobs that didn’t leave them in perpetual debt and allowed them to set their own priorities when it came to spending money. Northern industry jobs such as oil refining and auto manufacturing
The Harlem Renaissance was a cultural African American movement beginning in the 1920’s and lasting through the 1930’s. During World War One, American factories were facing a worker shortage due to the increase of young men heading off to battle. With promises of economic prosperity that sharecropping did not offer, rural African Americans from the south migrated to urban northern cities. The cities that saw the largest influx of African Americans were New York, Chicago, Philadelphia and Detroit.1 When the war ended and soldiers returned home racial tensions began to build due to the lack of jobs and affordable housing.2 Increasing rent prices helped African Americans ban together to form their own neighborhoods, such as
The Harlem Renaissance was a period of cultural explosion. It began in the wake of World War One, flourished until the Great Depression, peaking in Nineteen twenty-eight a year before the beginning of the Depression. The community of Harlem was composed of mainly Negroes (not all of the black population of Harlem was of African descent, so the term African-American would be falsely used in this case) and during this time period they were still considered inferior to the whites. For this reason and other events that took place during the Harlem Renaissance, which I will discuss later in this paper, I have chosen the Athens question, "What does it mean to be a member of a community?"
During the 20th century a unique awakening of mind and spirit, of race consciousness, and
Segregation and racism in the 1920s was mundane for the average African American, but as they put that aside they were respected by many whites. The rise of the jazz age was due to the prohibition of alcohol. People were selling alcohol illegally and many African Americans began playing music known as the jazz age. Many white folks came to watch famous African musicians play in secret clubs called the cotton club. In the 1920s when there was prohibition and racism, many African Americans had to deal with discrimination, and segregation between the whites. During that time the Klu Klux Klan population was at an all-time high. Being colored was dangerous because the KKK members were out to hunt for people who weren’t white. Africans were driven out of the South from the whites and also the bot weevil. They were forced to migrate to the north. These areas had poverty. Luckily, African Americans could overcome this hatred by creating a new age called the Harlem Renaissance. Making the North well known for its gargantuan transformation and making it a success. The connection towards Gatsby is that Gatsby had hired a band that played jazz. This came from African Americans as jazz influenced many people throughout the world. The Harlem Renaissance was an era of where African Americans became famous, well known, and respected for their music and literature.
The Harlem Renaissance refers to a prolific period of unique works of African-American expression from about the end of World War I to the beginning of the Great Depression. Although it is most commonly associated with the literary works produced during those years, the Harlem Renaissance was much more than a literary movement; similarly, it was not simply a reaction against and criticism of racism. The Harlem Renaissance inspired, cultivated, and, most importantly, legitimated the very idea of an African-American cultural consciousness. Concerned with a wide range of issues and possessing different interpretations and solutions of these issues affecting the Black population, the writers, artists, performers and musicians of the Harlem Renaissance had one important commonality: "they dealt with Black life from a Black perspective." This included the use of Black folklore in fiction, the use of African-inspired iconography in visual arts, and the introduction of jazz to the North.[i] In order to fully understand the lasting legacies of the Harlem Renaissance, it is important to examine the key events that led to its beginnings as well as the diversity of influences that flourished during its time.
In the introduction to The Portable Harlem Renaissance Reader, David Levering Lewis states the Harlem Renaissance was not a cohesive movement, but a constructed and forced phenomenon that was “institutionally encouraged and directed by leaders of the national civil rights establishment for the paramount purpose of improving race relations.” (Lewis, xiii) However, after researching many influential artists, politicians, and orators of the time, I must disagree. While, yes, the movement of an entire cultural and racial awakening can only be seen as a phenomenon and the movement itself was by no means cohesive, these powerful men and women needed no institutionalized encouragement. Each of their works were their own with diverse ideas and methods, yet somehow, came together to form an interconnected goal within the movement.
The Harlem Renaissance created a new racial identity for African-Americans living in the United States, after the First World War. This new racial identity caused the African-Americans to become a nation within the United States. A nation is defined as a group of people that share common language, ethnicity, history, and culture. A nation of people may or may not have sovereignty. Harlem, a neighbourhood in Manhattan, New York City, emerged as the “race capital”1 for African-Americans living in the Northern states. Many African-Americans migrated from the Southern states to the North because of an influx of available jobs after World War I. Influential writer James Weldon Johnson described Harlem as “being taken without violence.”2 The borough was flooded with Southern African-Americans looking for work. They were apt to work in the factories, and would rather that, than work in the Mississippi Valley on cotton farms.3 As the economy began to prosper a distinct African-American middle class began to emerge. This was mainly due to an increase in jobs and education. The increase in education and the emergence of a middle-class began to bring intellectuals to the forefront of the African-American nation. Influential African-American writers, artists, and politicians began to emerge in their respective communities. Harlem became the hub of a social revolution. The African-American culture began to spread. Art, novels, and poems became centers of the African-American community. The white Americans began to notice and acknowledge, these impressive works of art. Jazz music, or the blues, became a worldwide-recognized American music style. The Harlem Renaissance also led to a large change in many political disputes led by leaders such a ...
In the past, Harlem was a vacation spot for wealthy people living in summer homes, however, in 1904 a financial crisis occurred, causing Harlem landowners to loose money. Philip A Paytron lived down the street and bought the leases from the landowners and sold them to african americans and immigrants looking for a cheap place to stay. However, the trickle of African Americans coming into Harlem became a stream as the once mixed district became a predomentaley black area. With a large amount of African Americans in one place the Harlem Renaissance was born as a reaction to the new found space for self expression in Harlem, using music and art to convey their political views and life experiences. However Harlem was not a complete utopia, African Americans still faced discrimination and brutality similar to those in the South.
During this era, the African-American people were on the rise especial when they were all moving to the north to find what they truly desired. Especially in Harlem where everything happened and was alive. The movement that was the Harlem renaissance, brought all colored men and women together. This movement began after the First World War and ended in the early 1930s. Just like the European renaissance, the Harlem renaissance was the rebirth of a culture. This expressed and inspired artists, literature, poetry, music, dance, and many other artistic hobbies and talents that people could think of (Crash Course). This also became a social and political movement as well. This era defined what it meant to become a person of color, American, and an artist altogether.
During and after World War One , the Great Migration caused many African Americans to move from rural areas of the country to the northern states. Many people flocked to Harlem, New York in hopes that they too would become a part of the culture phenomenon taking place. This culture boom became known as The Harlem Renaissance. The Harlem Renaissance was an influential movement that “kindled a new black culture identity “(History.com). With the turning of the age it seemed the perfect opportunity for Afro- Americans to create a new identity.