Art, music, and photography from blacks also flourished, resulting in many masterpieces in all mediums. New ideas began to take wings among circles of black intellectuals. The Renaissance elevated black works to a high point. Beyond simply encouraging creativity and thought in the African American community, the writers of the Harlem Renaissance completely revolutionized the identity of African American society as a whole, leading black culture from slavery to its current place in America today. There was no single cause which produced the Harlem Renaissance, but there are several historical developments which paved the way.
These newly founded "clusters" of African Americans allowed them to congregate and eventually begin the Harlem Renaissance. This migration also allowed blacks to indulge in the freedom of learning, which rose the literacy rates among blacks drastically. (Hutchinson) The Renaissance's impact on African Americans was a great one. The Renaissance, which took place from about 1918-1937, was an initiative for the civil rights movement that took place in the 40s,50s, and 60s. (Hutchinson) Th... ... middle of paper ... ...hecked/topic/973069/Great-Migration>.
This “Great Migration” transformed the streets of Harlem, New York, and gave rise to cultural changes of the New Negro movement. As this movement gradually gained popularity, it became known as the Harlem Renaissance, an era that dramatically increased the awareness of Black art and culture (Stokstad 1112). The Harlem Renaissance was founded on the ideals of racial pride, social power, and the importance of African culture. African Americans were encouraged to revisit their racial heritage, resulting in African American history and culture being represented and celebrated through the arts. The entire movement “challenged the existing debased and caricaturized representations of Blacks in art” (Harlem).
Many things came about during the Harlem Renaissance; things such as jazz and blues, poetry, dance, and musical theater. The African-American way of life became the “thing.” Many white people came to discover this newest art, dancing, music, and literature. The Great Migration of African-American people from the rural South to the North, and many into Harlem was the cause of this phenomenon. Harlem was originally a Dutch settlement. Harlem became one of the largest African- American communities in the United States, and during the Harlem Renaissance became a center for art and literature.
In 1866, racial equality delivered a crushing blow when Plessy v. Ferguson declared racial segregation acceptable. It was the perfect timing for this coming of age the years between world war 1 and the great depression were boom times for the united states because jobs was plentiful in cities. When African Americans had left the south and went north the great migration had started. As a result for African Americans going to north by the millions. There was an explosion of culture in Harlem the great migration helps get cultural renewal for the people in New York City.
Nella Larsen's Passing The Harlem Renaissance was a turning point for many African Americans. A vast amount of literature was created specifically for this group during this era. It was a period when the African American "was in vogue" and "white thinkers and writers were devoting a considerable amount of attention" to them (Taylor 91, 90). For the first time, African Americans were being told that it was okay to be proud of who they were. This new consciousness and self-awareness was prominent in many works of literate, but several writers began exploring the darker side of this movement with literature that concentrated on the negative aspects of race relations in America.
Appiah, 226-254. Thaddeus, Janice. "The Metamorphosis of Black Boy." Appiah 272-284. Wright, Richard.
Staudenraus: The African Colonization Movement, 1816-1865. New York, NY, 1961 C. Peter Riply at el. : African American Voices on Race, Slavery, and Emnancipation. The University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill & London, 1993, pp15-37. Carter G. Woodson: Negro Orators ansd Their Orations (New York, NY, 1925) and The Mind of the Negro (Washington, DC., 1926).
After World War I, segregation policies known as Jim Crow Laws were enforced in the South and forced the blacks to contribute to the sharecropping system. In the meantime, the North was lacking a great number of industrial workers due to the shortage of European immigrants after the Great War. Thus, many of the black southerners left and moved to the North. The increased black population in the North during the Great Migration created a new black urban culture for themselves. The Great Migration led to an increase in African American political involvement that would make an impact in black culture ever since.
There, they brought African culture into America through their literature, poetry, and art. All of which were becoming immensely popular among African-American communities not solely in Harlem, but all over the country. Instead of simply being known as a group of people, they were becoming united. What’s more, Jazz and Blues, a product of their own, became world-wide sensations. They greatly influenced the Jazz age and, this cultural burgeoning helped give them a positive reputation among other cultures.