The active ingredient in marijuana is delta tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) (3). . Marijuana has been used throughout history and in many different cultures to change mood, perception, and consciousness (to get "high"). Its effects range from increasing creativity to provoking mystical experiences, to heightening the capacity to feel, sense and share. After alcohol, it is the most popular of what are called "recreational drugs."
Introduction to md 4002 dissertation: Grant Aitken Is cannabis use an independent risk factor for the development of psychosis? Cannabis or marijuana is an annual flowering herb of the Cannabaceae family, containing 3 major species C.Indica C.Sativa and C.Ruderalis. The two former species are of principal interest to those discussing Cannabis use due, to their widespread illicit usage. Cannabis has been cultivated from at least 6000BCE in what is now China. However the Cannabis plant was most likely as a textile when it became used as an intoxicant is less clear .
They used these fibers to make clothing, rope, and canvas because of its quality and durability. Physicians in the 19th century were prescribing cannabis as a pain reliever, an anticonvulsant, and for migraine headaches (Doweiko, 2002). Following his work in India in the 1840's William O'Shaughnessy introduced medicinal marijuana to the United Kingdom. Queen Victoria used marijuana for dysmenorrhoea during the same time period (Carter et. al., 2003).
I don't care what you smoke" (Stern). This particular quote is the reality of how many Americans actually feel about the supposed war on drugs. Mary jane, airplane, weed, reefer and dank are all commonly used terms used to describe marijuana. Marijuana as described by several resources is a mixture of dried, shredded leaves, stems, seeds, and the flowering tops of the pistillate cannabis sativa plant that yields THC and is prepared in a manner to create a euphoric state for the user. This particular plant has many uses and has been explored for its many uses as early as 4000 B.C.
Marijuana is used medically in order to treat epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, ease the pain of migraines, arthritis, men... ... middle of paper ... ...y Alliance Network: Alternatives to Marijuana Prohibition and the Drug War. Web. 29 Oct. 2009. Sack, David. “Is Marijuana Good Medicine?.
Nevertheless, cannabis is widely used at the present time for intoxication and medical treatments. Marijuana is usually extracted from the flowers of the female plant (Grinspoon & Bakalar, 1993). According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, marijuana is well-defined as the “dried leaves, flowers, stems, and seeds from the hemp plant Cannabis sativa, which contains the psychoactive (mind-altering) chemical delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), as well as other related compounds. This plant material can also be concentrated in a resin called hashish” (NIDA, 2014). Numerous studies have attempted to explain the use of cannabis throughout history.
Tobacco continued to become more popular until scientific revelations and discoveries in the mid-1900’s revealed the malicious and cancerous properties of tobacco in all forms. Arguments have been made that during this time is when Marijuana began to take the spot light. Marijuana or “Cannabis” is a plant that when dried can be consumed in the form of smoking to produce favorable effects. Cannabis in the form of marijuana has use that dates back as early as third Millennium B.C.. The primary uses seemed to be all pertaining to medical or psychological
Marijuana originates from an Indian hemp plant with the botanical name Cannabis Sativa. Cannabis is derived from cannabinoids which is a class of chemical compounds unique to the plant that helps produce its effects. Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, known as THC, is marijuana’s main chemical compound (Cohen 27). At the federal level, it is classified as an illegal Schedule I drug. It has also been classified as a stimulant, depressant, hallucinogen and recreational drug due to the fact it has different effects on its users.
Throughout the history of agriculture, the marijuana plant, also known as cannabis or hemp has been extensively used as a source of medicine, fiber, and intoxicant. In the ancient folklore and writings of China and India, the earliest known descriptions of cannabis are evident. According to historians, marijuana was mostly used a ritual intoxicant and later on, it found significance in folk medicine. The practice of smoking of marijuana has only appeared recently. There has been a lot of literature on the medicinal properties of marijuana which physicians in ancient China and India discovered in their practice.