Slave revolts are common events in history, the outcome is usually predictable, the slaves demand rights only to be decimated by their landowning counterparts. The Haitian revolution was the first successful large scale slave rebellion. From the early 1790’s to late 1800’s the Haitians fought against the French for control of Saint-Domingue. This revolution was noticed created a global stir due to its unique formulation, which was rooted in oppression from the French. The revolution itself fostering a new sense of nationalism, and ultimately it resulted in many new revolutionary thoughts from spectating countries and a newly found debt to Haiti itself.
The Haitian Revolution and the French Revolution The revolution of almost 100,000 slaves in Saint-Domingue (Haiti) from 1797 to 1804 was the biggest revolution in the history of slavery. The Haitian Revolution led to the formation of the first ever victorious independent liberated slave state in the world, an idea that rocked the economic, socio-political, and moral basics of the Caribbean. In 1791, slaves and the free people of color (gens de couleur libres) revolted against French ruling, and by 1804 declared the country’s self-rule under new Arawak name of Haiti. Haitian Revolution together with the American Revolution was one of the dramatic and most important challenges faced by European colonialism from the New World, and it is widely regarded as a landmark in the history of Africans in Americans. One must highlight the struggles which had been happening for years before the outbreak of the 1791 full-scale revolution.
In August 1791, the slaves of Saint Domingue took matters into their own hands and began a rebellion. The racism and torture they endured is what sparked the rebellion and created a whole revolution that reshaped the way Haiti is today. The Haitian Revolution is not a revolution that is not well known, but it is the most successful slave rebellion in the western hemisphere. The revolution was so successful and powerful because of Toussaint L’Ouverture, the man who led Saint Domingue to their independence. The power of the Haitian Revolution has left its mark on the world today because of its victory and success.
In September 1791, France achieved the movement of freeing and outlawing slavery. In turn, Haitian slaves were inspired to do the same by revolting against French plantation owners. This transformative movement of 100,000 slaves was led by Toussaint L’Ouverture; unfortunately, he died before experiencing Haiti’s separation from France in 1804. However, along the way of success of both revolutions, a toll occurred on the numerous lives lost. The Reign of Terror in France was created as a way to protect the republic from its internal enemies, but instead 16,000 people were guillotined.
Violence was also used in Haiti in the rebellions that set the ground for the revolution. These rebellions escalated as enraged slaves turned against their masters, then moved to execute as many Frenchmen as they could. Haitian slaves endured hard backbreaking work on the rich sugar plantations; so they had ability to endure more physical pain then their rich ma... ... middle of paper ... ...nce again become a world power. In contrast, Haiti, suffering from political corruption and instability, remains weak to this day. People in both revolutions fought hard, but in Haiti a different kind of fight was going on during the 18th century.
They were able to overthrow an old ruling class and open way for a... ... middle of paper ... ... 1848. The Haitian Revolution was successful due to the large numbers of slaves and because the French were to preoccupied with their own problems during the French Revolution. The American, French and Haitian Revolution were similar in the fact that the slaves were being treated unequal and wanted equal rights, however the Haitian Revolution was the only successful revolution because during the French and American Revolution, the colonist and French were present to stop any uprisings from spreading too far. For the Haitian Revolution, the French were across the Atlantic and they had very large numbers of slaves. Works Cited Nash, Gary B..
But in 1789, word of revolution in France made its way to the Caribbean colony” (Clemens, 2010). This encouraged the slaves to revolt, and the French could not put that rebellion down. Slaves outnumbered the colonists 10 to 1(Mason, 2010). Since then the Island has fought off slavery during the rebellion war against the French in 1791–1804 to eliminate slavery and became the first republic ruled by African Ancestry (Mason, 2010). Haiti endowed itself with a symbolic power that far exceeded its actual strength.This power was one of hope for many people who were enslaved by their colonisers, the possibility to be free.
In May 1971, the revolution started with the revolt of the slaves against the white settlers. The Haitian revolution changed the disputes about freedom and slavery, liberated people who fought for their freedom, and became the first black slave revolution won. The revolution started in 1791 and ended in 1804. In 1791 the revolution started in a revolt. The island that is now Haiti was a colony of one of the biggest colonist countries in the world, France.
Their shameful behavior toward the Blacks and Mulattoes in Haiti expedited the progression of the reason of the abolition of slavery in Haiti. The surplus of that disgraceful treatment is the very reason why the Haitian Revolution was so successful. “The treatment of slaves and Mulattoes in Haiti was so bad that it forced the most violent and ultimately, the most successful slave insurrection in history.” (Rand,1) The French Revolution provided the necessary spark for the revolution in Haiti to occur. The Haitian Revolution was the inspiration the cause of the abolitionists of slavery in Haiti needed to actualize its goals.
This revolution proved to be a major event as it was the most successful slave revolution in history. The slavery population in Haiti, vastly outnumbered the white colonists in Haiti, and therefore, when the slave population banded together, led to a full-scaled rebellion. Revolts would continue to occur until finally in 1793, the slaves got their freedom, with slavery officially being abolished in all French territories in 1794. From this point until 1802, small rebellions continued to occur as not much changed in the daily lives of slaves, despite technically having their freedom. After the French Revolution and with Napoleon taking power in 1799; Napoleon reinstated slavery in all French colonies, including Haiti.