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The HIV/AIDS Problem and PEPFAR HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. This virus, simply put, attacks the immune system. One contracts the virus by coming into contact with contaminated fluids (through intercourse, sharing needles, etc.). The virus, when left untreated, leads to AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) in ten to fifteen years. The human body cannot get rid of HIV like most viruses, and there is currently no cure. When HIV leads into AIDS, the human body becomes highly susceptible to diseases, and the average lifespan once someone acquires AIDS is three years. The HIV virus originated in Africa, but has been in the United States since the 1970’s. It has become a big problem in the U.S. today, and an even worse problem…show more content…
The President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), created in 2003, is the single most important thing the government is doing to fight the HIV/AIDS problem. Several parts of the government came together to be a part of this plan. The Department of Health and Human Services uses prevention, treatment, care programs, and conducts research both in the U.S. and abroad. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is another partner in PEPFAR, and builds up health systems in foreign countries through its Global AIDS Program (GAP). The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) reviews the safety of drugs and works to reduce the cost of treatment in the United States but especially in countries with high rates of HIV/AIDS. These are just a few departments and agencies that work together to combat the HIV/AIDS epidemic. There is also the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), the Department of Labor, the Department of Defense, and the Department of Commerce. Each department serves an important role in the PEPFAR. Together, all of the different partners of PEPFAR have helped provide treatment to millions of people over the past decade, as well as preventing many others from contracting
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