14 April 1997. History Television Network Productions. DVD Perkins, Barbara, and George Perkins. “F. Scott Fitzgerald (1896-1940)” The American Tradition in Literature 12th Edition.
“Emily Dickinson” Norton Anthology of American Literature Shorter 7th Edition. New York: Norton, 2008. 1197-1200. Baym, Nina, Ed. “Jack Kerouac” Norton Anthology of American Literature Shorter 7th Edition.
One way that proves that America was impacted the most economically is the fact that the economic changes that occurred after the war affected everyone. For instance, blacks became sharecroppers, and no longer worked for free. This demonstrates that the freeing of slaves spread wealth more evenly throughout the country since Southern plantations now had to pay for their workers. With the win for the Union, it caused the country to shift into an industrial nation. This economical change lead to an increase in global trade because of industrial advancements in both the people in the North and the South.
Farmers were assimilated into the national economy but the transition was not a smooth one as businesses started controlling the flow of resources and goods and therefore the farmer’s profits. The hold robber barons and corporations had over the government influenced governmental policy, creating hardships for the working class that they wished to end. Additionally the Populist Party was formed by the combination of numerous reform groups, bringing together different races, workers, classes and uniting the west and south. The Populist movement in the US quickly rose in the early 1890s and although it did not prevail the Populist Party’s platforms influenced the policies of both the republicans and democrats, therefore having a lsting effect on American society.
The decades after the Civil War rapidly changed the face of the United States. The rapid industrialization of the nation changed us from generally agrarian to the top industrial power in the world. Business tycoons thrived during this time, forging great business empires with the use of trusts and pools. Farmers moved to the cities and into the factories, living off wages and changing the face of the workforce. This rapid industrialization created wide gaps in society, and the government, which had originally taken a hands off approach to business, was forced to step in.
Farmers everywhere in the United States during the late nineteenth century had valid reasons to complaint against the economy because the farmers were constantly being taken advantage of by the railroad companies and banks. All farmers faced similar problems and for one thing, farmers were starting to become a minority within the American society. In the late nineteenth century, industrialization was in the spotlight creating big businesses and capitals. The success of industrialization put agriculture and farmers on the down low, allowing the corporations to overtake the farmers. Since the government itself; such as the Republican Party was also pro-business during this time, they could have cared less about the farmers.
New York: Random, 1974 4.Garraty, John Arthur, The American Nation: A History of the United states to 1877, Vol.1, Eighth Edition. New York: HarperCollins College Publishers, 1995 5.Miers, Earl Schenck, The Last Campaign. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Co., 1972 6.Korn, Jerry, Pursuit to Appomattox, The Last Battles. Virginia: Time-Life Books, 1987
By dissolving powerful corporate trusts, Theodore Roosevelt desired the ability to allow all Americans a chance at success. However, corrupt trusts had gone against Roosevelt’s belief in helping people in need. Not only were they making life hard for the working class, some trusts greedily made millions of dollars from controlling every part of their desired industry. For instance, John D. Rockefeller, owner of Standard Oil, owned the land, drilling companies, pipelines, refineries, gas stations, and almost all the oil in America. Additionally, monopoly owners nationally raised prices such as docking wages and railroad rates just to get an extra million in their bank accounts.
Crofis & CO New York 1945 5. Ward Christopher, The War of the Revolution Volume One, The Macmillan Company, New York, 1952 6. Ward Christopher, The War of the Revolution Volume Two, The Macmillan Company, New York, 1952 7.http://www.dean.usma.edu/history/dhistorymaps/American% 20Revolution/ARToC.htm 8.http://search.aol.com/dirsearch.adp?query=American%20Revoltionary%20War%20%20tactics&first=1&last=10&cat=0 9. Brainard Rick, 18th century History, http://history1700s.about.com/education/history/history1700s/library/mreasource/ blamerican.htm
Populists had thought through the reason behind having big business running the country. Basically they saw that the railroads, telegraph and telephone companies were running everything. For this reason they wanted the government to be in control of these three things. Of course, with the low crop prices farmers were one of the major advocates of this idea. It is my belief that without the rise of the Populist Party the people of the United States would have lost most of their rights to big business affairs.