Their last branch is the Legislative Branch and that passes the laws. Their laws are all made by votes of an assembly of all citizen and if the law got the most votes than it would pass and become a law. In summary all of these governments had ways they were related. The U.S Democratic Republic, Roman Republic, and Athenian Democracy all have the three branches they are just used differently. I feel like The U.S took culture from the Roman Republic with the representatives part , but I also feel it like if i would be from the Athenian Democratic because we still do get to vote for a person that does get to represent us.
Before creating the democratic form of government that the Athenians first used, Athens practiced the oligarchy. Athens had a center of government in their city state known as the polis. The polis was the city-state’s center for government. All around Greece, people were using a polis as their center of government. But rather than having democracy as their forms, they ranged from oligarchy (“rule by the few”) to tyranny (“rule by the tyrant”) and the in betweens of timocracy (“rule by the wealthy”) and aristocracy (“rule by the best”).
Finally, there was democracy which means “rule of the people” (The Legacy of Ancient Greece and Rome 1-7). This was the government that Athens utilized and helped establish. These varying types of government can be seen throughout governments today, however, it is the government established by the Athenians and their political structure that had a greater impact on the west than that of its Greek polis counterparts. The population size of the polis were small, and each male citizen was cognizant of their role and value within the community, and developed a strong spirit of independence. This sense of independence is what led the citizens within the polis to choose their own leaders, and overthrowing leaders that had done wrong by the greater populist or that the populist felt had abused their power.
Two magistrates or consuls had ultimate civil and military authority. The two consuls held their office for one year (they were elected by Roman citizens) and then after their term had expired, entered the Senate for life. Each consul could veto the actio... ... middle of paper ... ...system present in Republican Rome, one cannot say that its contributions to our modern ideas of democracy were insignificant. Quite to the contrary, examples of the Roman Senate's influence can be found right here in our own government. For example the upper house in our legislative branch is called the 'senate', our republic was also established by a constitution (as was the Roman's), the president (our modern 'consuls') is also advised by and is subject to our own senate, and America's founding fathers drew extensively on Roman theories and models of government when deciding how to establish our present system.
of Rome, assessed wealth of citizens, and supervised public morals and management of public finances. The dictator had military control, and was temporarily all-powerful. The dictator also dictated policies in times of need. The second branch was the legislative branch. The legislative branch had a senate that passed many decrees, represented the tradition of oligarchy, advised consuls, and controlled state finances and passed laws.
Solon basically laid the foundations for democracy with his reforms. Tyranny comes from the Greek word “tyrannos” meaning “usurper with supreme power”. A tyrant was a non-heredit... ... middle of paper ... ...poorer citizens would also be able to exercise their democratic rights and not be penalised because they could not take off from earning their livelihood. Sparta had an element of democracy in that citizens were able to vote in the assembly. However, the Gerousia and Ephors were able to veto its decisions and therefore the democratic element of Spartan society was very superficial.
The term democracy comes from the Greek language and means "rule by the people"(Democracy Building 2012). The democracy in Athens represents the precursors of modern day democracies. Like our modern democracy, the Athenian democracy was created as a reaction to a concentration and abuse of power by the rulers. Philosophers defined the essential elements of democracy as a separation of powers, basic civil rights, human rights, religious liberty and separation of church and state. The most current definition of a democracy is defined as a “government by the people; a form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral system.”(Dictionary.com).
Philosopher A: Augustus saved the republic. Philosopher B: Saved it? He turned it into an empire! Augustus ruined the republic. Philosopher A: In the Republic, the Senate was the primary branch of the Roman government and held the majority of the political power.
It is traditi... ... middle of paper ... ...o most Italians, especially on Christmas Eve. For me, being surrounded by my family and eating linguine with clams is all I need on Christmas Eve. Works Cited Caserta, Silvio and Marie Caserta. Personal interview. 19 Feb. 2014.
They were responsible for determining the tax liability, military eligibility, and tribe assignments of the people. They could also add or remove people from the Senate, and arrange public contracts and spend public funds. Praetors- There were 2 or more praetors, and the office was open to patricians. One praetor was in charge of judicial matters inside the city. The other praetors were in charge of maintaining Roman authority in conquered lands.