Another problem with the country was that over 70% of the population was illiterate. The renters would use their land to farm potatoes because they were cheap, easy to grow, full of vitamins, and you could grow a lot in a small area and in poor farming conditions. The whole country relied on the crop of potatoes as their source of food and income. In the mid 1800s there were many seasons that produced poor crops, and in some cases no potatoes at all. These seasons were taken lightly, and just thought to be bad crop seasons.
The Whig Government led Lord John Russell from 1846 to 1852 severely worsened the effects of The Irish Potato Famine; causing nearly one-eighth of the population to die of starvation. The Irish Potato Famine was much more destructive of human life than the majority of famines in history. In Ireland many was poor, and needed potato crops to keep from starving. Many also needed to harvest the potato crops to make money to pay their landlord rent for the plots that the tenants rented to keep from losing their land. The effects of the Irish Potato Famine were a tremendous impact on the economy of Ireland.
One hundred and fifty years after the famine, one can still see the effect of the famine in the world, in the number of Irish immigrants spread throughout, the treeless landscape of Ireland, the broken down home structures found along the countryside of Ireland, and the emergence of two countries: Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. It is a fact that the British government did not do enough in aiding the Irish during the famine, which left hatred burning through the surviving Irish. Had the British government done more to help, perhaps not as much of the civil conflicts that occurred would have happened. The Potato Famine worsened the relationship between Britain and Ireland, ultimately leading up to the split of Ireland into two countries.
The Great Potato Famine was a horrendous event that would change Ireland forever. A fungus had attacked the potato crops throughout Ireland. The natives were extremely dependent on potatoes and when the blight came, it caused the economy to plummet. With the mass dependency on the potato, people began to harbor serious illnesses. Food was extremely scarce, which was a major issue for the population as a whole.
Irish Immigration to Canada The Irish began immigrating to North America in the 1820s, when the lack of jobs and poverty forced them to seek better opportunities elsewhere after the end of the major European wars. When the Europeans could finally stop depending on the Irish for food during war, the investment in Irish agricultural products reduced and the boom was over. After an economic boom, there comes a bust and unemployment was the result. Two-thirds of the people of Ireland depended on potato harvests as a main source of income and, more importantly, food. Then between the years of 1845 and 1847, a terrible disease struck the potato crops.
This led to an immense age gap in the general population. The Irish have also been to slow to recover from the emotional and political toll that the famine had on Ireland’s people. To remember and learn from past mistakes, the Irish built an Irish Potato Famine Memorial in Dublin. It has grotesque statues of starving people walking down the Custom House Quay carrying what little belongings they had left. This is a haunting reminder of what hunger and greed can do to a country and how it’s influence can spread across the entire world.
This wasn’t the only reason the Fenian movement occurred though the great potato famine 1845 forced people from there homeland. The Fenian movement was when the people of Ireland were forced from there homeland because of the lack of natural resources and military action by the British. Another aspect to the Fenian movement was that Irish citizens didn’t have much money because they are not industrialized and they have an agricultural economy, which led up to the potato famine. Irish farmers didn’t have enough money to produce potatoes efficiently; this is when the blight occurred. Another branch that led from living in poverty was lack of military supplies.
One of these problems was the food shortages on Irish farmlands. The movement was due in a large part to the Great Potato Famine. During the 1840s, this event changed the face of Ireland forever. ”The Kingdom of Ireland was growing very weak in the eighteenth century due to poor harvests” (Ruddy 15). Irish people were facing great starvation.
This backfired. Farmers started to produce a lot of food like wheat and grain that very few people wanted. Just as the farming efficiency raised to the Canadians level, there was no one to buy or nowhere to ship all this produce. This all led to farming families rapidly losing money and supplying goods at rock bottom prices and which yet became a struggle to sell. The boom was leading people away from basic farming food and to other chains available to them.
When the prices of grain and other crops fell, so did rents, but not enough to help the very poor (33). The poorest members of the community, about one third of the population, could only afford very small land plots, not large enough to grow grain, so they had to give up growing grain, and start growing potatoes. Potatoes were the only crop that ould support a large family on a very small acreage. This dependancy on one crop, for prosperity as well as survival, would have fearful implications for the poor people of Ireland at the time of the famine (33). One morning in early September 1845, the director of Botanic Gardens in Dublin noticed the leaves of some potato plants turning black at the edges.