The black codes suggested that the blacks were still the inferior race, and they also show the reluctance the south had to change their lifestyle after the Civil War. The black codes returned political, social, and economic power to the white southerners. Black codes also affect us today. If black codes were never enforced during reconstruction, black people would have been able to be a part of the government much sooner than they did. They would have been able to vote, marry interracially, work where they wanted, and get an education.
The South implemented many unjust laws to still allow the whites to stay ahead and to keep the blacks poor and dependent. Overall, though, I believe that the North and the former slaves won because of the outcome of the Civil War. Although the effects of the war were not immediate for the slaves and abolition did not automatically mean freedom and equality for slaves, the war and the legislation that followed it set the groundwork for the advancement of black people. The thirteenth through the fifteenth amendments helped to pave the way for blacks to enjoy the same opportunities as whites. Obviously the North achieved its objective of reuniting the country and preserving the Union.
Throughout "Ethics of Living Jim Crow" Wright explores the issue of white dominance through Jim Crow laws and how blacks act in response to these discriminatory acts. Through the discrimination and racial violence, whites created a social situation that forced blacks to either accept the inferior role or pay the consequences. He displays the majority of blacks, including his mother, as submissive to whites. They do not dare defy whites and tried to avoid any confrontation with them. While most blacks accept this role, Wright defies it and works to improve his life.
After World War I, segregation policies known as Jim Crow Laws were enforced in the South and forced the blacks to contribute to the sharecropping system. In the meantime, the North was lacking a great number of industrial workers due to the shortage of European immigrants after the Great War. Thus, many of the black southerners left and moved to the North. The increased black population in the North during the Great Migration created a new black urban culture for themselves. The Great Migration led to an increase in African American political involvement that would make an impact in black culture ever since.
They believed they were `superior' because they were white. In the North, education was required to maintain jobs. Despite the racism African Americans faced, they had a better chance of getting education in the north than in the south. With the Great Depression weighing down the economy, and president Hoover's "idea that success comes through individual effort ... ... middle of paper ... ... place, organizations such as the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) started up, signifying how the African Americans were tired of being `stepped on' and how they fought against lynching and discrimination against African Americans; mainly due to the actions of the Ku Klux Klan. All in all, Hughes' poems reflect the treatment of African Americans in the 1920's and 30's in a very realistic manner regarding: education, housing, and racist organizations.
They were possibly the closest thing to white trash in Maycomb, yet could still win a trial against a black man, even though all the evidence was pointing against them. The black communities were jovial places; they valued their lives more than their possessions or money, whereas the whites relied on their income to determine how happy they were. Harper Lee’s presentation of this is well portrayed throughout the book, particularly during Mayella’s questioning during the trial, where she recalls that she often managed to get black people to do jobs for no pay, and the black people seemed more than willing to help. However, racism was not the only problem in Maycomb. The men of the household were expected... ... middle of paper ... ...nsider that they care about others, but in reality, their meetings soon turn towards the most recent story going around town.
Thurgood Marshall After the Reconstruction period, African Americans had won freedom and no longer were seen as processions of the whiteman, although, something even more evil existed, segregation. This problem made life for many black people an ever-continuing struggle. Black people were forced to attend separate schools, churches, hotels, and even restaurants. At the time, white males dominated the work force and many African Americans rarely found well paying jobs. The court system judged people of color more harshly than people of white skin, which led to unfair sentences and lynchings.
Besides, racism and prejudice led to the interracial strife and race riots, worsening the situation between the whites and the African Americans. Racism became even more of a national problem. The Great Migration intensions were to let African Americans live a better life style economically wise and help them from poverty not cause even more issues with racism or become competition against others. Because many white people did not want to sell their property to African Americans, they began to start their own exclusive cities within that area of sell. These exclusive cities were called the “ Ghetto”(Black, 2013).
To blacks living within post- Reconstruction South, Washington offered industrial education as the means of escape from sharecropping and allowed blacks to become self-employed, while owning their own land, or small business. Booker over came the obstacles of the free black man by educating himself and other blacks to become “equal” to whites. Until the start of World War I African Americans had a difficult time. His speaking tours and private persuasion tried to equalize public educational opportunities and to reduce racial violence. There were many gains earned after the Civil War seemed lost by the time of World War I because racial violence and lynching reached an all time high.
When it came to the African Americans during the Reconstruction there were many hardships and happenings that they struggled first hand. African Americans saw that there was really no hope for the possibly of owning their own land but the idea of at least developing a secure economic independence was still in their hopeful future. Surprising enough, White people were upset over the fact that the black did migrate to the cities which labor for whites and also allowed African Americans more opportunities to compete for jobs and also put them almost to the same social status as the whites. It is interesting the vast improvement in African American lifestyles occurred after the Civil War and how quickly reconstruction started. The black migration began at the end of the Civil War, which really took in account the African Americans in evolving and leaving cities such as Chicago, Detroit, Cleveland, and New York back in that time frame.