Despite all the efforts to help the freedmen in the United States, even after Reconstruction, freedmen ended up being inferior to white men in the South. This period was definitely a time of revolution in the United States. Racism and hostility directed at freedmen from Southern whites lived on in the United States for decades onward. Laws such as the Civil Rights Act of 1866 marginally helped and discriminated continued to exist. The racism that brewed in the South made this period certainly revolutionary which in part transformed the course of our history and kept slavery’s legacy alive.
Paul E. Lovejoy realizes the importance of learning the history of a situation correctly and thoroughly. Lovejoy states (1997), “The failure to study enslaved Africans in the Americas from the perspective of African history is largely a result of the way in which African history developed as a sub-discipline” (p. 5). If African Americans points of view on their historical markers are not studied, that will cause a misrepresentation throughout history. During slavery, slaves were known to form communities composed of their homeland origins in order to keep their social identity (Lovejoy, 1997, p. 3). The Great Migration happened once millions of African Americans decided to leave the South in order to escape the oppressive laws and find better economic opportunities.
Finally I will show how those programs helped black transition. The Civil War was period of change in American history. Following the warfare, congress established a federal agency named the Freedmen’s Bureau to facilitate the freed people’s transition from slavery to freedom. Southern blacks encountered the worst chaos, displacement, illnesses, poverty and epidemics, which were limiting to the bureaus successes during reconstruction (Finley 2013, 82). During the war, lack of basic needs and medicine hindered the efforts of improving economic social and political freedom.
Through the building of schools, the provision of medical care, and access to the justice system, African Americans were given a host of rights that had been denied them in years past (“Making…”, 1997). It was no wonder, then, that southern whites rejected many of these practices and took steps to undercut the advances of this agency. As they were gradually re-admitted to the union, many southern states passed black codes,... ... middle of paper ... ...rowth; politics witnessed significant alterations, as well. However, there were no changes as profound as those seen in the decline in racial relations between whites and newly-freed African Americans in the south. Here, the discriminatory practices of the pre-Civil War period were reborn anew through laws meant to disenfranchise African Americans and the Supreme Court ruling of Plessy v. Ferguson.
states that “the new black codes compelled former slaves to carry passes, observe a curfew, live in housing provided by a landowner, and give up hope of entering many desirable occupations” (476). The discrimination and violence towards African Americans during this era and the laws passed that were not being enforced were very disgraceful. However, Reconstruction was a huge stepping stone for the way our nation is shaped today. It wasn’t pretty but it was the step our nation needed to take. We now live in a country where no matter the race, everyone is considered equal.
After the ending of the Civil War in 1865, slavery was, at last, formally abolished by the Thirteenth Amendment. Due to the freedom of these African Americans and the South’s ever-growing hatred towards this group, African Americans were left to suffer harsh discrimination and horrible conditions. Africans Americans were left without homes, education, jobs, or money. Reconstruction was the Radical Republicans’ attempt to try and bring the Confederate states back to normal and unite both the South and the North into a whole country once again. Reconstruction was also set to protect and help the newly freed African Americans assimilate to the new society and the foreign economy they were placed in.
Analysis of Black Reconstruction Prior to the Civil War and Reconstruction, the main goal of the African American population was to be granted freedom. African Americans had been enslaved since 1619 in America, when the first slaves were sold on the auction block. However, their concepts of freedom were extremely romanticized and highly unrealistic as a direct result of the atrocities they witnessed and endured in the institution of slavery. They visualized the abolition of slavery to be comparable with the coming of Jesus Christ. Yet when politics made that day become reality on January 1, 1863, the newly freed men and women were utterly disappointed and in disarray.
It held back the development of the South by self-inflicted oppression of the poor whites and was the most shameful period of American history. Somehow, Southern slaveowners managed to persuade both themselves and Northerners for many years that slavery was not the vile institution that the slaves purported it to be. In fact, a slaveowner said that the slave, “is happier here than on the shores of his own degraded, savage, and most unhappy country” (Shi and Mayer 530). Further to justify slavery, according to one slave owner, the slave is, ”scarcely acquainted with the word care. He never suffers from unwholesome food.
Some blacks initially responded to news of their newly granted freedom with suspicion and uncertainty. Loyalty to the plantation master prompted some slaves to resist the liberating Union armies, while other slaves’ pent up bitterness burst forth violently on the day of liberation. Many newly emancipated slaves, for example, joined Union troops in pillaging their masters’ possessions. Many took new names in place of the ones given by their masters and demanded that whites formally address them as “Mr.” or “Mrs.” Tens of thousands of emancipated blacks took to the roads, some to test their freedom, others to search for long-lost spouses, parents, and children. Emancipation thus strengthened the black family, and many newl... ... middle of paper ... ...s of blood.
This extreme racism in the South, led to the Great Migration, where black people left the South to go up North, particularly to areas such as Chicago, where the play is set, in hope to escape the racism and prejudice. Therefore, Mama ended up in ... ... middle of paper ... ...ues and ideals that the characters have due to the socio-political context of society at the time, then lead to the intergenerational conflict between Walter and Mama, particularly around the question of ‘what is life?’ Works Cited: Abdelmawjoud, Sayer. “Dreams ‘Deferred’ But Identity Affirmed ND Manhood Restored: A new Look at A Raisin in the Sun”. Studies in litrature and Language (5:30) 31 Dec. 2012. Literature Online.