The Great Depression in the United States

explanatory Essay
2549 words
2549 words

The era of the 1930's through the 1940's is one of the darkest periods in America’s history. It was a time of despair for all Americans. This dreadful time was caused by various reasons and hit America when it was least expected. It also had many effects which left an impact on America still up to this day. At that time, there was no abundance of anything: no jobs, no food, and certainly no abundance of money. However, there was surely an abundance of sadness. America had no hope since the money was a thin, green line, and there was no food or clean water to drink. The monstrosity began on the year of 1930 and lasted up to the year of 1940 or in some places even more. The Great Depression and the Dust Bowl were one of the most famous events in America's history caused during this time. This period of time impacted the economy, unemployment rate, other foreign countries, and the many lives of the people.
The Dust Bowl was part of the reason why the 30's were so devastating. The Dust Bowl was a horrific event for the people at the time. It was also known as the “Dirty Thirties”. The Dust Bowl got its name from a report written by reporter Robert Geiger on April 15, 1935, after one of the worst dust storms that took place. The Dust Bowl lasted about a decade starting in 1931. In some places it carried on until the early 1940’s for areas such as: southwest Kansas, southern Colorado, part of Oklahoma, and Texas. The damage it had created was unexplainable. It destroyed millions of acres of land and ruined several homes. What caused the Dust Bowl had been unfortunate agricultural practices and all the years of constant drought. Farmers were hoping for a miracle, but unfortunately nothing would grow. Winds lashed across the fields hov...

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...wn to two percent. With the help from the Congress, America finally made it out of the Great Depression. Congress cut top income tax rates from 94% to 82%, they repealed the excess profits tax, which was absorbing more than one third of all corporate profits since 1943, and cut corporate tax from forty percent to thirty eight percent in 1945 and 1946.
The Great Depression was definitely a struggle for America, however, America fought back and found a solution to the problem. The Great Depression affected everyone in some way. Life during this horrid period was devastating. This dark period is something America will surely never forget. The Great Depression tested the American people, bringing financial problems to many families and businesses. Their savings, jobs, and homes were lost in the turmoil that became the worst event for the once industrious United States.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that the era of the 1930s through the 1940s was a time of despair for all americans. it was caused by various reasons and left an impact on america to this day.
  • Explains that the dust bowl was a horrific event for the people in the 1930's. it destroyed millions of acres of land and ruined several homes.
  • Describes the dust bowl as a man-made and natural disaster that damaged america's agriculture in the prairies.
  • Explains how poor farming methods led to massive dust storms. in 1934, a two-day storm removed large amounts of topsoil in buffalo, boston, cleveland, new york, and washington d.c.
  • Explains that the black blizzards turned days to night. dead animals were covered in two inches of dirt. one storm even left 12 million pounds of dust in chicago.
  • Explains how the bad weather caused 5,000 americans to move or be homeless during the dust bowl. they describe how california's police established a bum-blockade at its borders to keep migrants out.
  • Explains that wages were too low to get migrants out of poverty. tulare county had two children dying each day and fifty babies died of diarehea and enteritis in one picking season.
  • Explains how the federal surplus relief corporation (fsrc) slaughtered pigs to stabilize prices, and planted trees across the great plains.
  • Explains that the drought ended in 1939 and regular rainfall increased land value. the dust bowl helped sustain a positive relationship between the government and the farmers.
  • Explains that the american crisis was famously known as the great depression. it was a period of high unemployment rates, low productivity, bankruptcy, foreclosures, bank failures and homelessness.
  • Explains that the stock market crash of 1929 was the most major cause that led to the great depression. the dow jones industrial average fell by 13% in less than eight weeks and lost 89% after black tuesday.
  • Explains that banks began to fail immediately after the stock market crash, leaving banks with no or little money to give to businesses and farmers. because the banks failed, they eventually shut down.
  • Explains that banks stopped giving loans as freely as they used to. businesses and farmers went broke, making america's banking crisis even worse.
  • Explains that people were worried about their money, so they started saving it. this led to a lower number of items being produced in factories.
  • Explains how the great depression impacted the lives of families. the west african nation of cameroon gave america three dollars and seven cents in relief.
  • Analyzes how the hawley-smoot tariff, an american economic policy with europe, was supposed to improve america's economy, but instead it made it suffer even more.
  • Explains that hoover tried to decrease the unemployment rate by creating more jobs, but it made the economy suffer even more than it already had.
  • Analyzes the effects of the great depression on the economy, unemployment, and people's lives.
  • Explains how the great depression affected countries such as germany, france, south africa, and canada. these countries depended on america's trade and went into some small crisis.
  • Explains that the great depression took a lot of hard work to get america back to where it used to be. president hoover failed to do anything effective to help rebuild the america, and franklin delano roosevelt got elected easily.
  • Describes how fdr shut down all banks until they were stabilized, and established the new deal, which helped improve america's economy and got it back on track.
  • Explains that the great depression didn't end until world war ii, when people and industries worked hard to provide supplies for the war. congress cut top income tax rates from 94% to 82% and repealed the excess profits tax.
  • Opines that the great depression was a struggle for america, but america fought back and found solutions to the problem.
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