The Stock Market crash happened on October 29, 1929 and the Great Depression started in 1929 and ended in 1939. In the end of September and the beginning of October stock prices began to decrease. The crash was caused by the nervous investors which sold 16.9 million stocks on the New York Stock Exchange in one day. Many businesses invest most of their money in the stock market to make more money, but when the stock market crashed, so then businesses had to shut down because they have no money. Most of the nation’s banks also failed because they had to put the depositors money in the stock market to increase but when it crashed people lost most of their money.
The Great Depression was the start to a dreadful economic crisis in the American History. On October 4, 1929 a day that goes by the term “Black Tuesday” the Wall Street stock market collapsed, creating massive unemployment and pain throughout America. Many thought that this depression would only be minor, but they were wrong. This turned into a “major depression”(Who Built America? 392).
Although this day is considered the trigger to the massive economic fallout, the American and global economies had been in turmoil for six months prior to Black Tuesday, and many other factors contributed to what’s known as the worst economic crash in modern history. With few regulations on the stock market in the years leading up to the Great Depression, investors were able to buy stocks on margin, only requiring them to put down ten percent. This caused for wild speculation, and many people funneling their life savings into the stock market, which led to artificially high prices. After Black Tuesday, many people began to believe that the banking system in America was going to fail. Thousands flocked to the banks to withdraw their money.
But when banks started to crash that is when people started to panic and was trying to get their money back, millions of Americans lost fortunes. This caused companies to lose their values and no longer be able to afford to stay in business. William C. Durant joined the Rockefeller family and other financial giants to buy big stocks to prove to the people their assurance in the market but they failed to stop decline in prices. According to the website Globalyceum, US gross domestic product, in 1929 $103.6 billion, in 1930 $91.2, in 1931 $76.5, in 1932 $58.7, in 1933 $56.4. The total size of the American economy, restrained by gross local product, suddenly dropped following the crash on Wall Street from $103.6 billion to $66
Once Recession ended the GNP went up 7.9 percent in 1939. (Www.english.uiuc.edu) tells us that besides ruining many thousands of individual investors, this precipitous decline in the value of assets greatly strained banks and other financial institutions, particularly those holding stocks in their portfolios. Many banks were consequently forced into insolvency; by 1933, 11,000 of the United States' 25,000 banks had failed. The failure of so many banks, combined with a general and nationwide loss of confidence in the economy, led to much-reduced levels of spending and demand and hence of production, thus aggravating the downward spiral. “The result was drastically falling output and drastically rising unemployment; ... ... middle of paper ... ...its were contracting it; The Fed's inaction was the reason why the initial recession turned into a prolonged depression; The economy continually sank throughout Hoover's entire term.
The stock market crash wiped out all of these investors that were involved in the stock market. This day came to be known as Black Thursday. Five days later, a day that is known as Black Tuesday, stock prices dropped to the lowest they have ever been yet. "The stock market lost around ten billion dollars" (The Great Depression, History). The stock market crash was a major problem but it linked to more problems that were to happen.
On October 24, a record 12,894,650 shares were traded. Investment companies and leading bankers attempted to stabilize the market by buying up great blocks of stock. On Tuesday, the stock prices collapsed completely” ("Stock Market Crashes"). Thousands of people were invested in these stocks and they lost millions of dollars because of the crash. The Stock Market Crash triggered a banking crisis, business failures and trouble overseas.
All of the margin buyers would be wiped out quickly. The whole market in 1929 compounded the leverage idea as "investment trust" proliferated. The investment trust existed for the sole purpose of owing stock.... ... middle of paper ... ...lack Tuesday an unprecedented 16.4 million shares changed hands. Stocks fell so much, that at many times during the day no buyers were available at any price (McElvaine 48). This speculation and the resulting stock market crashes acted as a trigger to the already unstable U.S. economy.
The Great Depression was a huge economic downfall in North America and involved many other industrialized countries of the world. The Depression began in 1929 and lasted for about ten years. Millions of people lost their jobs along with many businesses going bankrupt. The common misconception of the Great Depression is people think that the stock market crash was the main cause for it. There were many causes for the Depression; unequal distribution of money during the 1920’s was the main cause of the Depression.
1929 and 1939 was the deepest and longest-lasting economic decline in the history of the Western industrialized world. The Great Depression began, after the stock market crash of October 1929, which sent Wall Street into a panic and wiped out millions of investors. Over the next couple years, consumer spending and investments dropped, causing steep declines in industrial output and rising levels of unemployment as failing companies lay off their workers. In 1933, when the Great Depression reached its all-time low, 13 to 15 million Americans were unemployed and almost half of the country’s banks had failed. Though the relief and reform measures put into place by President Franklin D. Roosevelt helped lessen the worst effects of the Great Depression, the economy did not fully turn around until after 1939, when World War II kicked American industry into high gear.