The Great Barrier Reefs In The World

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Here is a fun fact: the Great Barrier Reef extends, on and off, over fifteen hundred miles and is over five hundred feet thick in certain areas. Another fun fact: the Great Barrier Reef is dying. Every time oil is burned, the ocean dies a little bit more. Every time the ocean dies a little bit more, the chemical levels in the water change. Every time the chemical levels change, the coral reefs in the ocean die. As one of the biggest ecosystems in the world dies, so do all of the organisms that flourish on that reef. If this current pattern continues, it is estimated that the coral reefs will be the first major ecosystem to become ecologically extinct (Kolbert page 130). Why is this huge, seemingly-invincible ecosystem dying? The ocean is feeling the effects that humanity and its actions are causing. Starting in nineteenth-century Britain, the Industrial Revolution made its way around the world. New inventions like the sewing machine and power loom were introduced, as were new techniques like steam-power and the burning of coal, which, although effective, began killing the ocean.…show more content…
It is described as “a mosaic of 2,900 reefs” and covers an area of 133,000 square miles (Zimmermann 2012). It contains over 1,500 fish species, thirty recorded species of whales, dolphins, and porpoises, seventeen species of sea snakes, and even more (Zimmermann 2012). It should be obvious to assume that the Great Barrier Reef holds a sufficient amount of life. If this ecosystem dies, won’t the rest? All of the animals and creatures living on the reef will have nowhere to go, eventually dying off. However, ocean acidification isn’t the only problem in this case. There are outside stressors- cyclones, diseases, and harmful species that hurt the Great Barrier Reef (Mongin et al). Slowly but surely, changes in sea temperature are occurring, as are the declining rates of creatures essential to
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