A large amount of plastic in the water is hurting marine life and distorting the ecosystem to the extent of having dead animals. The ocean is the most important body of water that the Earth has and, if it’s polluted, then we will have a global catastrophe. The sea pollution is at an all-time high and it needs to end. Animal corpses litter the ocean floor because of the pollution. The sea is not our personal garbage dump.
About two percent remains on the beaches. March 24, 1989 is a date no one will forget. As the worst oil spill ever to hit America, many sea creatures lost their life and humans lost their source of work and food. A lesson can be learned from the tragedy of the Exxon Valdez. It is too bad it was learned with the expense of thousands of sea creatures.
And when pollution changes the coral, it can have a tremendous impact on every marine animal. Deaths of marine animals are high, “Over one million seabirds are killed by ocean pollution each year. Three hundred thousand dolphins and porpoises die each year as a result of becoming entangled in discarded fishing nets, among other items. One hundred thousand sea mammals are killed in the ocean by pollution each year” (Rinkesh). This shows that a lot of sea animals are dying due to the polluted water every year.
Fisheries that provided ⅓ of the seafood in the US were in danger because all of the fish were contaminated from the oil. Also, coral showed signs of tissue damage, and were covered by a layer of oil. Over 1,000 miles of shoreline on the Gulf of Mexico was impacted by the oil too, but most of this was cleaned up over time. Thousands of oil covered animals were collected by marine organizations. Sadly, most of the animals they found were already dead, and they couldn’t do anything to help.
Died corals lead further on to the death of the reef. There are four environmental factors that effect their growth: temperature, salinity, water depth, and wave action. These factors exposes the reef to changes in the environment very easily especially since it is located so close to shore. This also makes it hard for all of... ... middle of paper ... ...e to do something about saving these coral reefs. If these reefs are destroyed it is thought that it might destroy the entire ecosystem of the ocean.
“Disasters like shipwrecks, oil tanker accidents, and offshore oil rigs fires continue to this problem, as does the disposal of urban garbage into oceans, dumping of waste oil by passing ships, commercial coastal and off-shore entertainment, and deep-sea industrial and nuclear waste dumps”(“Marine Water Quality”). Another large polluter is the oil industry. Tanker ports and refineries are located by the coast for shipping purposes. The coastal areas receive considerable damage from the spills. “Large numbers of seabirds are killed annually, their oil-matted plumage making flight impossible and exposing them to hypothermia.
Also, marine pollution was everywhere because there was pollution everywhere. In 2003,... ... middle of paper ... ...ous problem that should be prevented. Day by Day the ocean is worsening vastly. Animals are getting sick and ending up dead. It is an extremely serious problem that should be taken much more seriously.
In fact, cruise ships legally dump more than 250,000 gallons of untreated raw sewage and waste into the oceans every day, because of lax regulations. This discharge includes bacteria, pathogens, oil, detergents, medical waste and other harmful substances. This discharge is then consumed by marine life threatening this vitally important ecosystem. Polluted waterways and oceans are threatening this vitally important ecosystem. Seabirds, turtles, fish and other marine life are "eating the plastic and dying from choking, intestinal blockage and starvation."
If this atrocious rate of marine life genocide continues, the human race probably won’t be able to have fish on their dinner plates in approximately a hundred years. The water is murky, and life is fading away. Several factors act as a cause for this catastrophe. For example, the annihilation of marine organisms is kindled by pollution, overfishing, factory fishing, bottom trawling, global warming, and whaling. To begin with, pollution of the ocean such as oil spills play a major role in corrupting the marine life.
Overfishing is causing a major loss of bio-diversity in the ocean as stated by a non-profit organization called save our seas. Each year the sea food industry halls in about eighty million tons of seafood which is approximately two trillion marine animals. Forty percent of these animals caught are caught as bycatch which means they are thrown back into the ocean as waste, most of them dead or wounded. Scientist predict that by the year 2050 all fish populations will be gone from our oceans if the fish industry continues to fish at their current rate. Since the 1950s, ninety percent of our large fishes have disappeared from our oceans this includes about three hundred million whales, dolphins, porpoises, and sea turtles.