The Golden Age of Athens

1160 Words5 Pages
Greece’s Golden Age can be defined as a time of flourishing. Athens made the important decision of splitting itself from Sparta, who they constantly differed with. “It is from this split that the Athenian Empire was created” (Hunt 80). This split illustrates the certainty that the Athenians possessed in terms of creating a better nation. Athens developed an empire because democracy was expensive. In order for democracy to be created, you need an empire to raise money. Both Sparta and Athens created different leagues in an effort to intensify their dominance. The Delian League, which was the league Athens was associated with, continued to thrive. This allowed them the opportunity to create a democratic nation in which the people were provided with the freedom they continuously strived for. The individual that was determined to create a democratic nation was Pericles. He revised and renovated Athenian democracy. It was during his time that the U.S. constitution arises. Pericles lowered the standard of citizenship which meant that more money needs to be made to pay the people. The poor were even capable of being Athenian citizens. In doing so, he also limited citizenship to those who were purely Athenians. He stated that “if an Athenian man married a non-Athenian woman, then his children will not be considered Athenian citizens” (Hunt 83). Pericles did this to secure high value of Athenian citizenship. However, the Athenians understood that citizenship in Athens is a privilege. It is something that should be cherished and not taken advantage of. Pages 3 &4 Pericles’ The Funeral Oration allowed Athens to thrive in its Golden Age. It helped alter people’s mindsets in a positive manner. The people no longer focused simply on their wan... ... middle of paper ... ...ting that bravery qualifies as moral courage and leads and individual to becoming virtuous. Additionally, Aristotle believed that one can reach a state of Kaloskagahtos if they possessed virtue, justness, self-control, and phronesis. If this state is reached, one will be considered virtuous. Similarly, Pericles addresses the people in his speech with the importance of being virtuous which results when one is courageous, capable of controlling one’s desires, and capable of properly reasoning through different situations. Aristotle’s philosophy and Pericles’ The Funeral Oration complement one another. Works Cited Hunt, Lynn, Thomas R. Martin, and Barabara H. Rosenwein. The Making of the West: Peoples and Cultures. Boston: Bedford, 2012. Print. Lualdi, Katharine J. Sources of The Making of the West: Peoples and Cultures. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2012. Print.
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