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The New Economic Policy was in many ways a reactionary policy put forth because of widespread public disdain for War Communism (Richman 1981,92-93). War Communism was the set of policies enacted by the Bolsheviks from the time they took power in 1917 until the establishment of the NEP in 1921. Under War Communism private industry was essentially eliminated, farms were collectivized, industry and business were taken over by the government. The peasantry had not been very accepting of having the land they were so recently granted ownership of being taken away once again by the government. Because of this there was little motivation on farms to grow more than what was necessary for the family because they were seeing no benefit from a surplus of crops.
Deutscher, Isaac. Stalin: A Political Biography. Oxford Press: London, 1949 Lawrence, John. A History of Russia. Penguin Books, New York, 1978 Rigby, T.H.
P 53. Corin, Chris , and Terry Fiehn. Communist Russia Under Lenin and Stalin. London: John Murray, 2002. 254-264.
The g ernment also introduced a series of economic policies in an effort to put socialist principles into practice and to respond to Russia’s pressing economic needs. However, these policies only weakened economic output.Widespread strikes and uprisings broke ut in c... ... middle of paper ... ...the system? I realized that once I was gone that the two sides of the party, one led by Trotsky and the other by Stalin, would have nothing in common because the platforms of these two communists were so different. I knew that the communist goals that I had tried uphold would be destroyed. While I was in office I was trying to make Russia prosper under communism.
The Russian Revolution. New York: Harper and Brothers Publishers, 1958. 5) Oliva, L. Jay. Russia and the West: From Peter to Khrushchev. Boston: D.C. Heath and Company, 1965.
Ulam, Adam B. The Bolsheviks; the intellectual and political history of the triumph of communism in Russia. New York: Macmillan, 1965. Volkogonov, Dmitri. Lenin: A New Biography.
The Stalin Years: The Soviet Union 1929-1953. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1998. Payne, Robert. The Life and Death of Lenin. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1964.