The American Revolution was a war in which the colonists achieved political independence from their former rulers Great Britain. It was "the formulation of new principles of the relation of men to government, and of the relation of colonies to mother country. It was the inauguration of effective self-government and of social and economic equality. "1 The colonists, in effect, achieved full autonomy from Great Britain through the American Revolution. The colonists felt (for the betterment of all Americans) that it was their duty and responsibility to rise up against their oppressors to form their own government.
I would say if anything that it began with the Normans invasion of Britain, when William I created the first Parliament. Then in 1215, the lords compelled and threatened King John into signing the Magna Carta. During the 15th and 16th century monarchies started consolidating their power by doing this they shaped the basis by which Europe’s first modern nation-states began to form mostly in England, Spain and France. These new types of monarchies restricted the power of the aristocracy through a variety of ways: seizure of lands, taxation, and by building standing army’s. There was also a change in how the church and clergy were viewed in relationship to the state which affected and reduced their political power.
By the end of the 17th century Britain had taken over India. Even though Britain wanted to keep control of India, the native people wanted their freedom and with the help of Mahatma Gandhi they won the nationalist movement. The British had brought the East India Company over to India to control the trading and the people. The company is a privately owned group of British people who act as brokers between two countries trading. By 1849 the company had full control over India.
Christopher Hill. "The Norman Yoke," in Intellectual Origins of the English Revolution Revisited. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997: 361.
The Glorious Cause; The American Revolution, 1763-1789. New York: Oxford University Press, 1982. Wood, Gordon S. The Radicalism of the American Revolution. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1992.
The excerpt itself influenced colonists to take actions for their tolerance from the British and gave them the strength they needed to become unified. In the text, "The House of Commons Questions Benjamin Franklin, 1776," discussed the significance of taxation without representation and it's effectiveness towards the colonists, from his understanding of taxes. The build up to the revolution influenced the colonists' beliefs about their identities as "Englishmen" and about taxation. Yet, they also needed to realize their independent in order for them to begin open rebellion. In the American Revolution, the colonists had strong beliefs that the English government was unfair and often tyrannical.
They wanted to overthrow King James because people in the English parliament didn’t want to have a dynasty of Catholic monarchs. They were tired of Catholics and wanted a protestant monarch. William of Orange then came to power to. They changed the system of the Parliament having power over the monarch. This was first form of parliament democracy in the world.
Second Continental Congress “Give me liberty or give me death” were the famous words spoken by Patrick Henry in the struggle for independence (Burnett 62). He addressed the first continental congress in 1774 and started the process of American political revolt. This revolt eventually climaxed in the rebelling of Britain's American colonies and the establishment of what would become the United States of America. The Second Continental Congress accomplished independence through organization, rebellion, and finally declaring independence. This was the beginning of the American Revolution.
Princeton, New Jersey; Princeton University Press, 1964 7. Pemble, John. The Raj, The Indian Mutiny, And The Kingdom Of Oudh, 1801-1859. Britain; The Harvestor Press, 1977 8. Yadav, Sanjay.