Individuals with the disorder look physically similar to typical people, however their brains function differently. In diagnosing autism, children and adolescents undergo a series of tests in order to rule out similar behavioral disorders. In fact, autism is diagnosed on a spectrum quotient (AQ) from high-functioning/Asperger Syndrome to low-functioning (Baron-Cohen, Wheelwright, & Skinner, 2001). Wherever the individual falls on the spectrum, they will no doubt face difficulties throughout their lives. Adolescents with autism have an especially hard time expressing what they think and feel.
It is a lifelong disorder that obstructs ones capability to comprehend what is seen, heard, and touched. This causes profound problems in personal behavior and in the ability to relate to others. One with autism must learn how to communicate appropriately and to relate to people, objects and events. Even though a lot of patients that undergo autism have a lot of similar indications, they do not all suffer from the same degree of impairment. There is a full spectrum of symptoms, which can range from mild to severe (NAAR, 2002).
Children with autism often show some forms of bizarre, repetitive behavior called stereotyped behavior. Each child with autism is unique, with their own individual range of symptoms and behaviors. Broad areas of similarity have been identified so that it is now possible to make some basic general statements about what children with autism are like as a group. Some symptoms and characteristics are: failure to develop normal socialization, problems in speech, language, and communication, strange relationships to objects and events, unusual responses to sensory stimulation, and progress delays. Autism 4 Scientists do not know why some children have autism.
However, the most obvious signs of autism and symptoms of autism tend to emerge between 2 and 3 years of age” (“What Is Autism”). Autism spectrum disorder and autism are different types of complex disorders of the brain development. These types of disorders are shown by their characteristics per person and also shown by their difficulties in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communications behaviors. Children that are diagnosed with Autism often have other conditions, such as epilepsy, sensitivity, depression or anxiety. They react to simulators in their own way.
Statistics show that boys are affected 5 times more than girls. According to data, 1 in 68 children are diagnosed with autism. To be more specific, 1 in 42 boys is affected and 1 in 189 girls is affected. There is a higher chance of boys getting autism than girls. Joshua Williams Speech Problems with speech and language are one of the defining characteristics of the Autism Disorders.
Have you ever heard of the term ASD? What are your thoughts when you see a child in public who is misbehaving? Well the two of these questions might be linked together. ASD is better known as autism spectrum disorder which is a disorder of the development in the brain according to Autism Speaks Inc. (2015). Due to this developmental issue children can be thought of as being bad or unruly, but in reality they cannot help it.
When a child is seeming to lack socialization skills, not able to communicate, or show strange repetitive behavior continuously; the child should be tested. There is not a pin pointed cause of ASD, but it many researchers believe it has something to do with defected genes or incomplete development of the baby’s brain. (Proctor, Young- Adams 2013) If autism is caught when it in its very early stages it make a big difference and may help improve cognitive and social skills. More test are being added to the testing of the autism diagnostic schedule to ideally detect the disorder at around eighteen months. (NIH 2013) Mainly autism is diagnosed in two category, autistic (classic autism) or autism ... ... middle of paper ... ...en the same age, but they become frightened of having their child labeled and what others are going to say.
Autism spectrum disorder is a broad term for many diseases, one of them being autism, that affect how a kid thinks, interacts, learns, plays, and how he/she imagines. The literal term of Autism is “ . . . a group of biologically based neurodevelopmental disorders that affect a child’s behavior and social and communication skills” (Rosenblatt, Carbone, Yu 5).
Autism is a combination of several developmental challenges. There are many symptoms of autism. They include: extreme difficulty in learning language, inappropriate response to people, avoiding eye contact, resisting being picked up or cuddled, uncooperative play with other children, extreme hyperactivity and many others. There are five major areas in children highly affected by autism. They are communication, social interaction, sensory impairment, play and behavior.
A person with autism may be sensitive to certain sounds or even just being touched. This sensitivity can be painful for the individual. Repetitive movement such as hand flapping or rocking back and forth is also a trait that may be associated with autism. Although lacking social skills, many with autism attain and even excel at... ... middle of paper ... ...tism Spectrum Disorder. (n.d.).