The Protestant Reformation of the 16th century was a religious revolution that occurred within the Christian Church, which resulted in the establishment of Protestant Churches, who began breaking away from the Roman Catholic Church. Originally the movement was started by Martin Luther, who was a monk, a priest and a Professor of Biblical study at the University of Wittenberg (Fisher 335). Luther, with his great political influence as well as his prolific writing, most notably his 95 Thesis, began a movement intended to address the abuses of wealth within the church. Although there were many people who realized that the church needed reformation, at the time, Luther really had no intention to split the church. The Protestant Reformation was an intellectual, cultural, religious, and political, upheaval that would separate Catholic Europe and set in place the structures and beliefs that would define the continent. In Christianity’s history, the Protestant Reformation was one of the most significant religious revolutions.
In my essay I will attempt to give an overview of the many positive and negative changes that the reformation groups and individuals had to Roman Catholic Church and other churches. The reformation was a religious movement that started officially by Martin Luther challenging the sale of the indulgences in Roman Church.
The protestant reformation of 16th century had both: immediate and long term effects. Thus, we can see that it was a revolution of understanding the essence of religion, and of what God is. The protestant reformation is said to a religious movement. However, it also influenced the economical, political and social life of people. The most global, short term effect of the reformation was the reevaluation of beliefs, and, as a result, the loss of authority of the Holy Roman Empire. The long term effects were: the emergence of new heretical movements, the declining of papacy, thus the reevaluation of people’s view on the church and life values.
During the 16th Century there was a religious revolution in Christianity throughout Europe. Martin Luther, a German monk, revolted against the Church because of what he saw as hypocrisy of the Catholic clergy and authority against Biblical beliefs. This was counter acted by the Catholic Church in an internal, peaceful and reform minded Catholic Reformation and by a conflicting and fighting Counter- Reformation to stop the spread of his teachings. Martin Luther believed the Clergy’s blatant disregard of duties and rules and the selling of indulgences justified his revolt while the Catholic Church disagreed both internally reforming the Church though rules and regulations and by counteracting and fighting though enforcement to stop it.
The fact that the Reformation occurred at all is more than a little astounding, in part because of the way it began. Martin Luther wrote his Ninety-five Theses and posted it to the door of All Saints' Church to start a debate, his intent was not to start the Reformation.1 One of the things I find interesting about the Reformation, beyond all the changes that took place because of it, is how many things had to come together to make it happen and one of those things was the invention of the printing press. The Reformation might not have happened if the printing press had not been invented, things no longer had to be copied by hand and could copied fast and cheap.2 The invention of one machine helped alter our world and helped set in motion events like England's split from the Catholic Church. King Henry VIII had defended the Catholic Church, but that changed when his request for a divorce was denied, at that point he created the Anglican Church and began seizing Catholic Church lands.3 If the Reformation had not happened the king would not have done this and would have stayed mar...
...ning of one small but powerful man, Martin Luther. Luther was a holy person himself and he began noticing the corruption in the Church. He tolerated everything till the last straw in which he saw a priest, Johann Tetzel selling indulgences. Tetzel said that for a certain amount of money, he said that he would assure their entry to heavens and as well as their dead relatives as well. This final outrage lead Luther into writing his 95 theses about indulgences. This would lead to the questioning of the Church and soon it would lead to the exposure of the Church throughout Europe by one powerful weapon that Luther had. And that was the printing press. Within a few nights, all of europe came to know the truth about the Church and many people were happy that finally, someone had told everyone about how the Church really was. Many changes occurred during this period.
At the start of the sixteenth century, the Reformation had put an ungracious end to the dependent unification that had prevailed under the Roman Catholic Church. In response to the growing sense of corruption in the church, the reformation began. Many people began opposing views of how Christian practices were expressed, which led to the formation and spread of Protestantism. While the Pope is head of the Catholic Church, Protestantism is a general term that refers to Christianity that is not subject to papal authority. (1.)
The Protestant Reformation Introduction The Protestant Reformation of the sixteenth century is one of the most complex movements in European history since the fall of the Roman Empire. The Reformation truly ends the Middle Ages and begins a new era in the history of Western Civilization. The Reformation ended the religious unity of Europe and ushered in 150 years of religious warfare. By the time the conflicts had ended, the political and social geography in the west had fundamentally changed. The Reformation would have been revolutionary enough of itself, but it coincided in time with the opening of the Western Hemisphere to the Europeans and the development of firearms as effective field weapons.
Throughout time, European history has been a major factor in the shaping of the modern world. The Renaissance sparked an era when people could look around and say to themselves, “How can I take this general topic and broaden it to be something bigger?” With this new idea came millions of brilliant and thought- provoked innovators that changed the name of what art, literature, and culture was thought to be. With thoughts growing and diverting from the prior Church- based philosophy of the majority of Europe came testing and changing of concepts previously thought to be true. New technologies enabled the curious to examine theories that they couldn’t make sense of, therefore, how the saw of world was rapidly expanding. Although many factors in
The Reformation was caused by the corruptness of the Catholic Church and its unresponsiveness to calls for reforms, as the clergy refused to care for the lay people and were only working for the money and power that came with their positions. The Church had control over every aspect of life and reigned control over emperors, kings and princes. Without the Protestant Reformation our modern day science, religion, history and politics would have not been as defined and would have been more