The General Theory Of Crime

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The general theory of crime I would pick is the neoclassical school of theory. Neoclassical focuses on the importance of character and the dynamics of character development, as well as the rational choices that people make when faced with opportunities for crime (Schmalleger, 2012). This theory is practically what is used in law enforcement today. The neoclassical theory focuses on punishment as being a deterrent for future crimes. Unfortunately, it is becoming more evident is the criminal justice system, criminals are being punished lightly or the charge is downgraded. More often than not, this is not helping the situation, but is allowing for the criminal to continue to commit crimes. Punishment has been established as an effective means to achieve social order when individuals disrupt order through the violation of a social norm (Lin, Dahl and Argo, 2013). Punishment should fit the crime, but how does one stop career criminals from going back to prison? Why do some criminals have a criminal history that is forty pages long? Are they not being punished enough? Are they being released from the system faster than they should to lessen the overcrowding in prisons? Most offenders that get arrested for DUI, when they go to court, if they have never had a prior conviction automatically gets reduced to Reckless Driving. Therefore, when they get their, what would have been their second DUI, it is actually only their first according to their criminal record. So the courts, prosecutors and defense attorneys are giving this individual a break on the first offense. Evidently the offender has not learned their lesson because now they have committed the crime again. Why did the courts feel it was in the offender 's best interest to reduce th... ... middle of paper ... ... the best way to deter crime and stricter punishment possibly should be enforced. Once offenders know the sentence is going to be detrimental, then they may rethink about committing more crimes. Not to the extreme of like some foreign countries, that if you steal, they cut your hands off, but just more severe punishment or harsher punishment the first time they appear in court, instead of waiting until the third or fourth time. Reference Death Row Facts. (n.d.). Retrieved December 27, 2016, from Lin, L., Dahl, D. W., & Argo, J. J. (2013). Do the Crime, Always Do the Time? Insights into Consumer-to-Consumer Punishment Decisions. Journal Of Consumer Research, 40(1), 64-77. doi:10.1086/668641 Schmalleger, F. J. (2012). Criminology today: An integrative introduction (6th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
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