The Future of Nuclear Power

1944 Words8 Pages
Nuclear plants have been generating electricity since 1954. (O'Keefe, O'Brien, Pearsall, 2010) It was very perspective technology, which could change the world. So nuclear power was developed quite fast. Many new nuclear reactors were built in the U.S., Canada, Japan, several European countries, and the former USSR. (Vanek &Albright, 2008) As a result substantial amount of electricity has been generated by nuclear power since 1970. Then in 1973 oil crisis started, therefore many countries thought that this technology can help them to become less dependent on foreign oil. However nuclear power also suffered from this crisis, because it reduced the consumption of electricity. So it was no longer considered a cheap source of energy. (Raja, 2006) Additionally, happened a few accidents that have retarded the development of nuclear energy industry. In 1978 operators couldn’t control properly one nuclear reactor in the U.S. After this accident no new nuclear reactors were built in the U.S. In 1986 happened Chernobyl disaster, when reactor was destroyed. As a result many European countries were disappointed in nuclear energy and began to minimize their nuclear programs. (Vanek &Albright, 2008) However, in the near future it will be needed to replace thousands of fuel stations. Therefore it is very important to choose what can replace them and many countries chose nuclear power. (Hodgson, 2010) Many new nuclear reactors have been built. (Montgomery, 2010) Therefore in recent years the industry has been experiencing renaissance. (O'Keefe, O'Brien, Pearsall, 2010) Moreover, new generation of nuclear reactors will be used in the near future, because experimental reactors have already worked. As a result they will solve m... ... middle of paper ... ...following the Chernobyl nuclear accident. Clinical Genetics; Mar2010, Vol. 77 Issue 3, p221-226, 6p, 4 Color Photographs, 2 Graphs. Montgomery, S. (2010). Powers That Be : Global Energy for the Twenty-first Century and Beyond. Chicago, IL, USA: University of Chicago Press, p 129-131. Negm, N. (2009). Transfer of Nuclear Technology under International Law : Case Study of Iraq, Iran and Israel. Leiden, NLD: Martinus Nijhoff, p 33-34. O'Keefe, P.; O'Brien, G.; Pearsall, N. (2010). Future of Energy Use (2nd Edition). London, GBR: Earthscan, p 139- 140. Raja, A.K.( 2006). Power Plant Engineering. Daryaganj, Delhi, IND: New Age International, p 330. Vanek, F.; Albright, L. D. (2008). Energy Systems Engineering : Evaluation and Implementation. New York, NY, USA: McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing, p 191
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