They are classified as hero's and/ or idols. The Athenians were also extremely proud of their city and its traditions. To the people of Athens their country was at the top and there was no other country that could be superior. The purpose of the funeral oration was not only to respect the departed but also to reward the citizen's national pride and their passion to defend their country. The oration was a eulogy that focuses on the prominence of Athens and her ancestors.
It is widely known that the Athenians highly valued their warrior class, and they saw the warriors as a ring of the higher circle of the society. The Athenians were very proud of Athena and its traditions, as well. Athenian’s thought that Athena was the best, none could be better. The funeral oration was aimed to respect the fallen as well as to keep up the national pride and its passion to protect their nation. The speech was a eulogy which focused on the eminence of Athens and its predecessors.
The notion of honor is prevalent throughout the Iliad and Antigone. Both texts demonstrate that honor is essential to Greek heroes because honor is the foundation of the society and family. Homer and Sophocles clearly show that honor guides people’s actions and responses and decides the fate of themselves and others. Both authors also place emphasis on the importance of proper burial because it is a strong indication of honor to the deceased and the deceased’s family. As can be seen in the Iliad and Antigone, the aim of every Greek hero is to gain everlasting honor because it ensures his place in the social memory of his society resounding even after death.
Their extreme desire for masculinity and power explains the praise that they gave to Zeus. The rituals that they performed and the texts that were written during this time show historians that Greeks believed that He was both of these things – powerful and masculine. His achievement of these traits gives explanation as to why he was so beloved by his worshipers. Zeus was beloved for his attainment of both of these, and the people of Greece gave him extra admiration for his accomplishment of
His bravery made him seem even more heroic to his comrades. One ... ... middle of paper ... ...nt. Achilles’ story creates “emotional connections” to the present on the basis of what it means to be a human according to the historian, Hughes (Day, 2012). This statement shows just how Achilles is a hero to today’s society by creating a link to the past. Of course, the most memorable aspect about Achilles that people refer to today is his “Achilles Heel,” (Rebecca).
Ultimately, they were good natured. The mutually reciprocal relationship between the government and the people delineated itself through the funeral oration, seeing that the nature of Athenians directly correlates with the polis. There was valid reason for the Athenian good nature, since all the citizens of Athens willingly and dutifully served their country and ultimately, the common good
Pericles (493 BC – 429 BC) was a statesman of Athens, Greece during this time of political exploration and expansion. He led the Athenians to remain extremely proud of their city and like all statesmen his words had an extremely influential impact on the appetite for progress of the democracy. An example of such an oral masterpiece is the address he made after the first battle with opposing Grecian city Sparta. This civil war in Greece had created chaos and sparked worry in the Athenians. Pericles’ Funeral Oration was a reminder to them.
Loyalty is the base of many of the abilities humans possess: love, friendship, patriotism, honesty, and integrity. Homer proved that Greeks valued loyalty through his epic. Perseverance is a phenomenal trait that only the strongest possess. The Greeks signified perseverance in a person, because it is what makes a person thrive. It is values and morals that differentiate people from any other beings in the world.
He honestly thought that he could have a big impact on the city of Athens and maybe even the entire world. He have thought this way because, “His father Xanthippus had himself been a military commander for Athens at the battle of Mycale in 479 B.C. Pericles name in Greek means 'Surrounded by Glory' and as is evident that was certainly to come true for Pericles was he became an influential statesman for Athens during The Peloponnesian War until his death in 429B.C.” (Rodney) From this, people assume that Pericles was a commander at heart and a fantastic man in general. Pericles was a great man because he was a risk-taker, a leader, and possessed extreme intelligence in battle. These are all incredible attributes to being an marvelous person and Pericles definitely fit all of them, making him a prodigious general to have in a city.
Athenians’ had a great love for their city-state at the time due to it being the central of Greece, and this led to their numerous cultural achievements. Both architecturally and literately, Athens’ Golden Age sis the foundation of the present-day’s culture.