A hybrid car with parallel configurations uses both an engine and a motor to drive the wheels depending on driving conditions. "A hybrid car is an automotive equipped with two or more sources of motive energy" (http://www.howstuffworks.com/hybrid-car1.htm). Hybrid cars use both gas and electric. The gasoline engine is the primary source of power, while the electric motor is used at low speeds. Emissions levels are reduced because the gasoline engine shuts off at low speeds.
If an injector goes out then the cylinder that the injector went out on will be dead. When a cylinder is dead then it is not getting fuel to make the cylinder combust. A diesel engine runs off of combustion as of a gas engine runs off of spark. This is why injectors is a good project because this is what makes the engine run. First off what are some injector parts?
The catalytic converter treats the exhaust before it leaves the car, and removes a lot of the pollution. In this project, we will study catalytic converters to find out how they work, and what their effects on our planet and society are. We predict that catalytic converters can change the amounts of products that result from the burning of gasoline, and think that these devices do a good job of making cars as pollution-free as possible. How does a catalytic converter work? In order to reduce emissions, modern car engines carefully control the amount of fuel they burn.
When the car stops,or in traffic, the batteries are responsible for supplying energy to the car for the air- condition and for the car’s accessories. Features: Idle-off- this is automatically the reaction of the vehicle’s conventional engine when a car stops. Conventional engine will also stop, saving the car’s fuel from consuming. Power assist- this talks about the diesel or gasoline engine and electric motor of the hybrid car. This feature lessens the work of gasoline engine.
The gasoline engine is the primary source of power, while the electric motor is used at low speeds. Emissions levels are reduced because the gasoline engine shuts off at low speeds. An additional benefit of the parallel configuration is that no outside source of electric power is required because the engine itself generates the required electricity(How Stuff). As I was searching on the internet; I also had in mind to find out if everything I had been told about hybrid cars was true. Things like they are expensive to repair, you have to replace the battery all the time, or that they aren’t very safe.
But what is a hybrid car and does it serve as a possible solution to decrease our oil consumption? Combining gasoline and electricity, car makers have designed a hybrid automobile, utilizing the basic electric principles to power the machine. A parallel hybrid “has a fuel tank, which supplies gasoline to the engine. But it also has a set of batteries that supplies power to an electric motor. Both the engine and the electric motor can turn the transmission at the same time, and the transmission then turns the wheels”1.
This helps reduce the amount of gasoline-power energy required to move the car. The battery (lithium-ion battery) charges while the car is running. They undergo a constant change of charge. It receives energy from the generator through braking or transmission. The regenerative braking allows the Prius to convert the kinetic energy created by braking (due to friction created by the brake pads) into electrical energy that can recharge the internal batteries.
This makes enable to move the vehicle. MCB (Miniature Circuit Breaker) is also provided in order to cut out the electricity supply at the instant. With help of controller the limited amount of electric current is added to or drawn from electric batteries in order to prevents overcharging and may prevent against overvoltage, which can reduce battery performance or lifespan, and may pose a safety risk. It may also prevent completely draining ("deep discharging") a battery, or perform controlled discharges, depending on the battery technology, to protect battery life. Engine is started with the ignition switch, as the engine delivered the power to the sprocket connected at both the ends of the engine shaft with the help of chain drive, this enables the two sideways tyres to move the vehicle.
The electric motor uses electricity and generated power from new technology called regenerative braking to power the car. Power is regenerated by converting energy usually wasted when braking into usable energy. It is stored in the battery of the car until needed by the motor to assist the... ... middle of paper ... ...through-four-strokes-intake-compression http://earthguide.ucsd.edu/eoc/special_topics/teach/sp_climate_change/p_burning_gasoline.html http://www.hybrid-car.org/hybrid-car-facts.html http://alternativefuels.about.com/od/hybridvehicles/a/motorgenerator.htm http://electronics.howstuffworks.com/motor.htm http://www.electricdrive.org/index.php?ht=d/sp/i/20952/pid/20952 http://www.ucsusa.org/clean_vehicles/why-clean-cars/air-pollution-and-health/cars-trucks-air-pollution.html http://www.autoblog.com/2013/09/12/average-new-car-fuel-economy-record-24-9-mpg/ http://www.greenstudentu.com/encyclopedia/green_vehicle_guide/hybrid_car http://www.usatoday.com/story/money/personalfinance/2013/07/20/states-with-the-most-expensive-gas/2530247/ http://autos.aol.com/car-finder/mpg-30/ http://www.fueleconomy.gov/feg/PowerSearch.do?action=Cars&pageno=4&sortBy=Comb&tabView=0&rowLimit=10
In this case study I will be discussing advantages and disadvantages of electric cars. Electric cars are cars that are powered by electricity. Electric vehicles are an important part of cutting emissions and reducing global warming. The battery of an electric car stores electrical energy. The electric motor is coupled to the wheels through gears; it converts 59-60% of electrical energy into the wheels.