Robespierre was executed by a mob that stormed the convention. It was a group of people who didn’t like him and his great weakness was he made more enemies than friends. A new movement begins after the assassination called the thermiodorian reaction. The Thermidorian reaction stopped terror as it swept through France. The convention issued a new constitution called the directory.
Greater reforms were prevented by the opposition of the upper classes and court. This opposition was so strong that Turgot was forced to resign and was replaced by Jauques Necker. Lengthy wars, the support to the American Revolution and the gross amount of taxes paid and the lavish spending of the court contributed to the huge national debt. The government’s financial problems were made worse after 1740 by the renewal of costly wars (the French revolution, pg. 9).
A well known insurgency climaxed on July 14th, when rioters stormed the Bastille fortress in attempt to get gun powder and weapons, this is now a holiday in France called Bastille da... ... middle of paper ... ...t. Royalists and Jacobins fought the new regime but were shut down by the army led by Napoleon Bonaparte. Within four years of the directory being in power they started facing financial crises, popular discontent, inefficiency, and above all political corruption. By the late 1790s the directory was falling apart and needed the army to keep them in power because without the army making them powerful the people would take them down. the directors gave most of their power to the generals in the field. November 9th, 1799, as frustrations with their leadership reached a fever pitch, Napoleon staged a revolution taking down the directory and placing himself Frances "first consul."
During the eighteenth century, France was one of the most richest and prosperous countries in Europe, but many of the peasants were not happy with the way France was being ruled. On July 14, 1789, peasants and soldiers stormed the Bastille and initiated the French Revolution. This essay will analyze the main causes of the French Revolution, specifically, the ineffectiveness of King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, the dissatisfaction of the Third Estate, and the Enlightenment. It will also be argued that the most significant factor that caused the French Revolution is the ineffective leadership of King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette. The first and main reason for the French Revolution was the terrible leadership of King Louis XVI and Queen Marie Antoinette.
The revolution began with a government financial crisis but quickly became a movement of reform and violent change. In one of the early events, a crowd in Paris captured the Bastille, a royal fortress and hated symbol of oppression. A series of elected legislatures then took control of the government. King Louis XVI and his wife, Marie Antoinette, were executed. Thousands of others met the same fate in a period known as the Reign of Terror.
While he was doing this lying he managed to kill off most of a generation of French, which left France behind in the Industrial Revolution, and turn the Republic that the revolution had fought for back into a Monarchy. V
After the death of his advisor Colbert, King Louis XIV made even more horrible and costly decisions. He further enlarged the military and entered into many wars in which he lost a great deal of her newly acquired territories and increased the national debt even more. In short, the reign of King Louis XIV had a disastrous impact on France. His liberal spending, appointing of easily controlled people to court, revoking the freedom of religion, and poor decision making sparked the economic burdens and resentment of the aristocracy that were major factors in the French Revolution and the eventual downfall of the French monarchy.
The people voted for the death penalty, and he was later beheaded (1793). The peasants had a say in their country’s government and ‘the angry mob’ was now in power. It was at this time, they first questioned how they were to govern themselves. “Through revolutionary ideology and institutional change, the bourgeoise gained a po... ... middle of paper ... ...wer of the national state. The Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars tore down the ancient structure of Europe, hastened the advent of nationalism, and changed forever the era of modern society.
The French people viewed Louis XVI as a tyrant and as a result he was executed in 1793. Louis XVI matters today because his execution gave power to the people and brought an end to over one thousand years of continuous rule by the French monarchy. The seeds of the French
Enlightenment writers and philosophers would question the old order and write about new political systems and a society where everyone would have equal amounts of power. Because of this, ... ... middle of paper ... ... Soon, King Louis XV had bankrupted the national treasury of France and had left the country in debt. By this time, the monarchs were being frowned upon, so when France was passed onto Louis XVI, people judged him quickly and deemed him a bad king who did not know how to deal with the country’s affairs. The people of France were tired of having kings who repeatedly ignored their problems and needs and were turning against the idea of absolutism, making it one cause of the French Revolution.