The Fourth Geneva Convention

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The Geneva Conventions, which was adopted before 1949, were concerned with the soldiers and prisoners only, and not with the protection of civilians. World War II had shown the devastating consequences of the absence of a Convention for the protection of civilians during the war. On August 12, 1949 a new Convention was made for the protection of civilians in time of war. This Convention was called Fourth Geneva Convention or Geneva Convention, 1949. According to Fourth Geneva Convention, civilians have the protections as long as they do not take a direct part in the war. It also permits the free passage of foodstuff, clothes, medicine, and also objects necessary for religious worship proposed for civilians. This Convention also covers civilian property, culture and religious buildings as w...

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