The For Many English Language Learners

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For many English language learners (ELLs) in today’s schools, learning can be overwhelming and difficult. The sole process of learning another language is a challenging undertaking and it can take a student anywhere from four to seven years to become proficient in another language (Carhill, Suarex-Orozco, and Paez , 2008). When you consider some of the additional factors, such as cultural distinctions, history of individual and family education, academic and social language barriers, peer and teacher social limitations, and individual learning differences, it becomes clear why many ELLs are struggling to keep up in the classroom (Wright, 2010). As teachers work to support ELLs, there is an increasing need for effective and reliable teaching strategies to ensure these students have the best outcomes. One teaching strategy that is important for learning is teaching background knowledge and reviewing information. This strategy, formally called Preview/Review, is described as the teacher giving a preview of the lesson in the students native language, then teaching the lecture content in English, and lastly reviewing lecture content again in the native language (Herrell & Jordan, 2012). In the preview stage, teachers are encouraged to use visuals, gestures, and introduce vocabulary that will be referenced in the lecture. This acts as a preparation for students, giving them a foundation for which they can build more knowledge. Reviewing information after the lesson aids in comprehension and allows students to clarify misunderstandings and connect information to their own lives. In addition, switching between a students native language and English better engages the student, increases their motivation, and aids in their understanding (H... ... middle of paper ... ...n today’s classroom that require teachers to be creative and efficient in their teaching. As more immigrant children are welcomed into our nations schools, the need for academic support and innovative teaching strategies grow. Classroom strategies, such as technology use, cooperative teaching, shared reading, interactive read aloud, leveled questions, and preview/review help to support English language learners and ensure a sound foundation for their English proficiency. These teaching strategies will have immediate implications for the student’s academic achievements as well as creating a positive and successful learning environment. In addition, effective teaching strategies have positive implications for an English language learner’s future, in that they will foster the confidence and motivation to be hardworking, productive, and well-adjusted members of society.
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