The idea of Marxism came about as a rejection to capitalism. Marx is associated with the idea of establishing a classless society. Under the capitalist society there was a class struggle between the working and owning class. The owning class exploited the working class by making them dependent on the owning class for survival. The working class was dependent on the ownin... ... middle of paper ... ...uation M-C-M is associated with the owning/ruling class because they make money through the transfer of money.
The Decline of Aristocracy in The Communist Manifesto The decline of aristocracy in The Communist Manifesto began with Karl Marx’s statement, “The history of all hitherto existing societies is the history of class struggles.”1 Marx recognized the ideals of the social rank, which has influenced every society throughout history. The two social classes described by Marx were the Bourgeoisie, or the upper class, and the Proletariats, or the lower class. Before the Bourgeoisie came to social power, landowners and corporate organizations ran the society. Marx believed that the severe separation of the two classes greatly troubled society and that the two classes must coexist as one with each other.2 The Bourgeoisie were the landowners, employers, and those who received capital in the society. They had other people work under them and controlled labor in order to increase personal capital.
Marx believed that after the inevitable revolution of the proletariats against the oppressive force of the bourgeoisie, a communistic form of government would take hold. Under the oppression of the bourgeoisie, the proletariats, who composed the mass majority, only owned one resource—their labor. However, the bourgeoisie could not continue to exist without the instruments of production. Since the common worker lived only so long as they could find work, and could only work so long as their labor increases capital, they continued to be oppressed by the bourgeoisie, who controlled the capitalist society by exploiting the labor provided by the proletariats. People sell their laboring-power to a buyer, not to satisfy the per... ... middle of paper ... ... his ideals and theories were influenced by the popular philosophical circles present throughout Europe.
He argued that society was divided between the bourgeoisie (middle class, business owners, and capitalists) and the proletariat (wage workers). His belief was that the bourgeoisie grew wealthier and the wealthier by exploiting the proletariat. He also believed that wage workers were always paid less than the true value of their work, defining the difference between the value of the wage and the value of the goods produced. Over time the frustration over exploitation would result in class wars between the proletariat who believed the surplus value belonged to them and the bourgeoisie who were not willing to give up their profits. In the end revolution was the inevitable result by the endless exploitation of the workers by the capitalists.
Capitalism according to Marx is an extremely unsatisfactory government system that gives power to the upper class landowners and keeps the proletariat exploited. The proletariat in a Capitalist society are continually exploited for their labor and don’t receive any of the profits for the item they produced for their firm. Shareholders of the firm end up being the ones who reap the rewards from the company even though they have nothing to do with manufacturing the good expect investing money. Marx insists that society would be better off if working class individuals controlled and owned all of the capital in the economy. In a capitalist society the bourgeoisie make huge amounts of money off the proletariat which is something that can’t last forever.
In Russia the government was essentially feudal, the majority of the population were peasants, and capitalism was in its infancy. Lenin realised that in order to bring about revolution Marxism would have to be adopted to suit these conditions. Lenin developed the argument that the economic resources that imperialism provided were used to "buy off" workers in capitalist countries by improving working and living conditions. This made workers less revolutionary, as the system did not appear to be treating them badly. His view of the dictatorship of the Proletariat was that the Party would form a dictatorship to fight counter-revolutionary attempts, take away private property and end free enterprise to build a secure socialist state.
The people with money in Men With Guns are the landlords, the owners of the plantations. These people obviously control the land that they own as well as the profit from the output their land produces, but they also control the government, the army, and consequently, the common people. This near omnipotent control forces the common people into a feudal relationship. Unless the peasants work on the feudal plantations, they will starve. The army ensures their reliance on the plantations by kicking them off of all arable land, leaving them with no food and no employment.
He wants the world to see capitalism for what it really is. He believes it to be an organism that makes the worker a slave to his boss which will eventually put the worker on the road to being a servant of his master. The worker slaves to earn money that as soon as it goes into his hands ends up in the richer man’s pocket. Marx wants everyone in a capitalistic society to see that everyone as equal and to leave money out of how people are viewed or treated. He wants the society to economically work as a team and run it all together instead of a few people having a say in the way that lives are
Labour power makes capitalist to take advantage of proletarians who do not own anything and work for them in order to survive. In the capitalist societies there is inequality in income between rich and poor, especially in wages and the distribution of money. Also Marx argues for the exploitation of the working class by the bourgeois and tries to keep surplus value that benefits them. Capitalist is a system of class struggles in order to survive, it created conflicts amongst others and humans see other humans as competitions. As I mention above the critiques of Marx is still relevant in capitalist societies, for instance United States, where there is a lot of inequality and different classes.
Marx wrote the “Manifesto of Class Struggle” which is between the upper class and the lower class. Lower class was known as the proletariat and their labor through the means of production. Higher class is known as the bourgeoisie they are the dominant class that deprived the lower class of their lively hood. Political institutions shaped the society according to their own happiness. The world expanded through industrialization, means of production and exchange and capitalism.